Paper No. 244-3
Presentation Time: 1:30 PM-5:30 PM
GREEN RIVER ANTIPODE: PALEOCLIMATIC SIGNIFICANCE OF A DIVERSE MACROFLORA FROM THE EARLY EOCENE CLIMATIC OPTIMUM IN SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA
WILF, Peter1, CUNEO, N. Ruben2, HICKS, Jason F.3, JOHNSON, Kirk R.3, WING, Scott L.4, and OBRADOVICH, John D.5, (1) Department of Geosciences, Pennsylvania State Univ, University Park, PA 16802, pwilf@geosc.psu.edu, (2) Museo Egidio Feruglio, Trelew, Chubut, 9100, Argentina, (3) Department of Earth Sciences, Denver Museum of Nature & Sci, Denver, CO 80205, (4) Smithsonian Inst, NHB-121, Washington, DC 20560-0121, (5) US Geol Survey, PO Box 25046, Denver, CO 80225

Rich fossil floras tied to high-resolution stratigraphy are useful for interpreting past climates but are rare in the early Cenozoic of the Southern Hemisphere. Here, we investigate an exceptionally diverse macroflora from caldera-lake beds exposed at Laguna del Hunco, Patagonia, Argentina, paleolatitude ~47.5 deg. S. We found 132 types of plant organs from an estimated 107 species, far exceeding previous reports for the site, as well as three datable tuffs and six paleomagnetic reversals. Results indicate that deposition of the most fossiliferous beds occurred from 52.4-51.6 Ma, near the base of magnetic polarity Chron 23. This places the flora within the early Eocene climatic optimum, known for the warmest sustained temperatures of the Cenozoic. Leaf-margin analysis indicates a mean annual temperature near 16 deg. C, in agreement with estimates of coeval sea surface temperatures from the South Atlantic. Terrestrial and marine temperature estimates from the same time interval and comparable paleolatitudes of the Northern Hemisphere are significantly warmer (>20 deg. C), suggesting that the meridional temperature gradient may have been steeper in the Southern Hemisphere.

2002 Denver Annual Meeting (October 27-30, 2002)
Session No. 244
The Green River Formation Revisited: Crucible for New Concepts and Advances in Paleoclimatology, Tectonics, Chronostratigraphy, Sequence Stratigraphy, Isotope Geochemistry, and Paleontology (Posters)
Colorado Convention Center: Exhibit Hall
1:30 PM-5:30 PM, Wednesday, October 30, 2002
 

© Copyright 2002 The Geological Society of America (GSA), all rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to the author(s) of this abstract to reproduce and distribute it freely, for noncommercial purposes. Permission is hereby granted to any individual scientist to download a single copy of this electronic file and reproduce up to 20 paper copies for noncommercial purposes advancing science and education, including classroom use, providing all reproductions include the complete content shown here, including the author information. All other forms of reproduction and/or transmittal are prohibited without written permission from GSA Copyright Permissions.