SEDIMENTOLOGY AND FOSSIL BIOTA OF A PENNSYLVANIAN “WATERHOLE” DEPOSIT IN A DRYLAND ALLUVIAL PLAIN SETTING, JOGGINS, NOVA SCOTIA
The study interval, informally termed the "Hebert beds", comprises five sandy channel-bodies exposed in both the cliff face and the wave-cut platform. Based on their low width to thickness ratios (W:T<8) and lack of lateral migration features, the three oldest channel-bodies (3.4-5.7 m thick) are interpreted as fixed-channel deposits. In contrast, the two youngest channel-bodies (1.8-3.5 m thick) have higher W:T ratios (probably ³21), abundant lateral accretion surfaces, and are interpreted as meandering channel-bodies. These five channel-bodies formed under different, but genetically related flow conditions and are interpreted as the deposits a progressively abandoned, anastomosed fluvial system.
Floral remains within the channel fills are dominated by cordaite gymnosperms (Cordaites leaves, Artisia-type pith casts, and charcoalified pycnoxylic wood). Calamites fragments, decorticated lepidodendrid trunks (Sigillaria?), and calcareous rhizoconcretions are also locally present. Invertebrate remains comprise shells of the land snail Dendropupa and the large freshwater clam Archanodon westoni. Vertebrate remains are represented by the pelvic girdle of a large tetrapod and the jaws of a microsaur. This unusual association of fossils within channel-bodies is interpreted as a waterhole deposit which provided an important source of water for a variety of organisms during the tropical dry season.