|2003 Seattle Annual Meeting (November 2–5, 2003)|
|Paper No. 228-4|
|Presentation Time: 8:00 AM-12:00 PM|
NEWLY IDENTIFIED OLIGOCENE ALKALI VOLCANICS ALONG THE EASTERN MARGIN OF THE COLUMBIA PLATEAU, LATAH AND SURROUNDING COUNTIES, IDAHO
KAUFFMAN, John D.1, BUSH, John H.2, and LEWIS, Reed S.1, (1) Idaho Geological Survey, Univ of Idaho, Moscow, ID 83844-3014, firstname.lastname@example.org, (2) Department of Geological Sciences, Univ of Idaho, Moscow, ID 83844-3014|
Oligocene basaltic and trachytic volcanics have been identified, described, and mapped in Latah and surrounding counties of northern Idaho. Dating has confirmed the Oligocene age of these rocks.
Previous workers used the names “Onaway Member” and “basalt of Potlatch” for the basaltic units. These units were considered part of the Miocene Columbia River Basalt Group (CRBG) and were included in either the Wanapum or Saddle Mountains formations because of ambiguous outcrop relationships. The basalt is fine to medium grained with isolated plagioclase phenocrysts 0.5-1 cm long, common platy partings, and normal magnetic polarity; it is commonly deeply weathered to a light tan or purplish gray. Field and well data indicate several flows with a total thickness of 150 meters or more emplaced onto a steep topography developed on pre-Tertiary rocks. The basalts vary in composition, but in comparison to most of the CRBG, they have lower SiO2 and higher TiO2, Al2O3, and P2O5, and they are enriched in Sr, Zr, and Nb. On a total alkali-silica (TAS) diagram, the basaltic units plot in the trachybasalt and trachyandesite fields, in contrast to basalts of the CRBG that plot in the basalt, basaltic andesite, or andesite fields.
The trachytic rocks, previously mapped as Eocene Potato Hill Volcanics, crop out along Hatter Creek several kilometers south of Potlatch, in an area covering less than 2 km2. They consist of pyroclastic flows, including crystal tuff and crystal lithic tuff with flattened pumice and quartzite clasts, and minor lava. Weathered lithic tuff underlies the basalt at one location, indicating the trachytic units predate the basaltic units. On the TAS diagram, these rocks plot in the trachyandesite and alkali trachyte-trachyte fields.
Three Ar-Ar dates, two from the same basalt flow and one from hornblende crystals in tuff, ranged from 25.6 to 26.32 Ma. Two K-Ar dates from basalt flows yielded similar ages. These Oligocene alkali volcanics, the first documented in northern Idaho, expand the known extent of Oligocene volcanism in the Pacific Northwest. Future publications will propose the name “Potlatch Volcanics” for the sequence and the names “Onaway Member” and “Hatter Creek Member” for the basaltic and trachytic units, respectively.
2003 Seattle Annual Meeting (November 2–5, 2003)
|Session No. 228--Booth# 147|
The Columbia River Flood Basalts: New Insights into the Volcanism, Petrology, and Tectonism of a Large Igneous Province: Dedicated to Peter Hooper on His Retirement (Posters)
Washington State Convention and Trade Center: Hall 4-F
8:00 AM-12:00 PM, Wednesday, November 5, 2003
Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 35, No. 6, September 2003, p. 549
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