2003 Seattle Annual Meeting (November 2–5, 2003)

Paper No. 12
Presentation Time: 4:30 PM


ZIMMER, Mindy, Department of Earth Sciences, Boston Univ, 685 Commonwealth Ave, Boston, MA 02215, PATINO, Lina, Geological Sciences, Michigan State Univ, 206 Natural Sci. Bld, East Lansing, MI 48824-1115, ASMEROM, Yemane, Dept. Earth and Planetary Sciences, Univ of New Mexico, Northrop Hall, Albuquerque, NM 87106, CARR, Michael J., Rutgers State Univ - New Jersey, 610 Taylor Rd, Piscataway, NJ 08854-8066, POLYAK, Victor J., Earth and Planetary Sciences, Univ of New Mexico, Northrop Hall, Albuquerque, NM 87131 and STIERMAN, Donald J., Earth, Ecological & Environmental Sciences, The Univ of Toledo, MS 604, 2801 West Bancroft, Toledo, OH 43606, mzimmer@bu.edu

We use geochemical and isotopic evidence to demonstrate that magmas are generated by both subduction-induced flux melting and decompression melting at El Tigre volcano, part of the secondary volcanic front in the Central American volcanic arc. El Tigre resides in the Gulf of Fonseca, Honduras, where there is a break in the strike of the volcanic front. The sample suite for this study includes tephra samples from two quarries on the SW side of the edifice, as well as lava and tephra samples from the perimeter of the island.

Samples are basalts and basaltic andesites and are chemically indistinguishable, except for two samples collected from a parasitic cone on the northern flanks of El Tigre. Samples from the main volcanic edifice show depletion of high field strength elements (HFSE) relative to large ion lithophile elements (LILE) and light rare earth elements (LREE). U-Th isotope analysis of one sample from the stratovolcano has secular equilibrium (230Th/238U), within error (activity ratio of=0.993), which may be due to the age of the flows. Nevertheless, trace element data show that these samples are U-enriched, similar to most arc lavas. In contrast, samples from the parasitic cone show lesser HFSE depletion relative to LILE and LREE compared to the samples from the main volcanic edifice. Remarkable for an arc lava, the one sample analyzed for U-series isotopic data shows 15% 230Th over 238U enrichment, suggesting a fundamentally different melting regime from that of the main cone.

Contrasting geochemical and isotopic data suggest the main stratovolcano was built by melts generated by flux melting, while melts that form the parasitic cone have been generated by decompression melting, with small slab contribution. 87Sr/86Sr and 143Nd/144Nd ratios of representative samples suggest that the same mantle wedge is experiencing both styles of melting, constraining source variability in evaluating mantle modification due to fluid and sediment addition.