2003 Seattle Annual Meeting (November 2–5, 2003)

Paper No. 43
Presentation Time: 1:30 PM-5:30 PM


PAGE, F.Z.1, ESSENE, E.J.1, MUKASA, S.B.2 and ARMSTRONG, L.S.2, (1)Department of Geological Sciences, University of Michigan, 2534 C.C. Little Building, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1063, (2)Department of Geological Sciences, Univ of Michigan, 2534 C.C. Little Building, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1063, fpage@umich.edu

The Healdsburg eclogite is a tectonic block in the Franciscan ~12 miles SW of Healdsburg CA near the site of the old Junction School.  The matrix assemblage is omphacite-garnet with minor rutile-epidote and trace quartz. The eclogite block has been variably overprinted by chlorite, phengite and minor blue amphibole.  Matrix rutile is sheathed by sphene. Garnets are ~1 mm in diameter and contain a diverse inclusion assemblage: quartz-omphacite-epidote-sphene-rutile-phengite-apatite-zircon-chalcopyrite. No early amphibole is entrapped in garnet. Matrix omphacite ranges in diameter from 0.5-1.0 mm and contains small (1-10 µm) inclusions of sphene-garnet-zircon.  The garnets retain a prograde zoning pattern from Alm55Pyp6Grs26Sps13 cores to maximum Mg Alm56Pyp16Grs26Sps2 ~30 µm from the rim. The outer rims are Alm58Pyp11Grs28Sps3. Matrix pyroxenes are zoned from Jd50Di39Hd11 to Jd38Di38Hd13Ac11.

Inclusions in the garnets are concentrated in Mn-rich cores but are also found sporadically in the rims. Phengite (Si=6.7-7 apfu)-omphacite (Jd35Di32Hd10Ac23)-garnet thermobarometry in garnet cores give prograde conditions of 11-13 kbar and 400°-475°C using Waters' 1996 formulation, 17-19 kbar less than that calculated by Massonne (1991) on the same rocks. The inclusion assemblage in the intermediate zone is buffered on the reaction clinozoisite + sphene=grossular + rutile + quartz + H2O and gives pressures of 12-16 kbar between 450°-700°C bounded at high and low temperature by the stability field of clinozoisite (Cz80Ps20).  Garnet - clinopyroxene thermometry yields ~500°C.  Omphacite inclusions (Jd50Di30Hd16Ac4) constrain prograde conditions in the intermediate garnet zone to greater than 14 kbar in the absence of albite.  Garnet - clinopyroxene thermometry between core and intermediate garnet zones and matrix clinopyroxene cores yields temperatures of 500°-600°C and pressure minima of 13-14 kbar in the absence of albite. Matrix phengite combined with rim garnet and clinopyroxene gives retrograde conditions of 15-17 kbar at 475°-500°C. The combined thermobarometry suggests that the Healdsburg eclogite followed a counter-clockwise P-T path from the blueschist to eclogite facies and back again, similar to that inferred for other eclogites in the Franciscan.