2003 Seattle Annual Meeting (November 2–5, 2003)

Paper No. 36
Presentation Time: 1:30 PM-5:30 PM


SISSON, Virginia B.1, HARLOW, George E.2, SORENSEN, Sorena S.3, BRUECKNER, Hannes K.4, SAHM, Eric5, HEMMING, Sidney R.6 and AVE LALLEMANT, Hans G.1, (1)Dept. of Earth Science, Rice Univ, MS-126, Houston, TX 77005-1892, (2)Earth and Planetary Sciences, American Museum of Nat History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, NY 10024-5192, (3)Dept. of Mineral Sciences, NHB-119, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560-0119, (4)School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Queens College and The Graduate Ctr, CUNY, Flushing, NY 11367, (5)Earth and Planetary Sciences, American Museum of Nat History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, NY 10024, (6)Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, P.O. Box 1000, Palisades, NY 10964, jinnys@rice.edu

Left-lateral displacement along the Motagua fault juxtaposed Maya (North American plate) and Chortís blocks (Caribbean plate). Some tectonic slices of serpentinite contain blocks of eclogites, amphibolites, and jadeitites. The southern serpentinite bodies, adjacent to Chortís basement, contain abundant lawsonite eclogite, glaucophane eclogite, blueschist, jadeitite, and other high P/T rocks. In lawsonite eclogite, lawsonite occurs with omphacitic clinopyroxene as inclusions in garnet, indicating eclogite facies conditions during garnet growth. The inclusion assemblage of lawsonite eclogite includes phengite, biotite, zoisite, albite, rutile, zircon, allanite, and various sulfide minerals. A second generation of lawsonite and phengite (typically with sodic amphibole) occurs in irregular, undeformed patches. Experimentally derived P-T grids for lawsonite eclogite indicate minimum pressures of 20-25 kbar. Geothermometry on garnet rims and matrix clinopyroxene gives values from ~400 – 550 °C. Results from clinopyroxene inclusions with garnet cores yield slightly lower T=350 to 450 °C.

Variable major element, trace element and REE geochemistry indicates the metabasites encompass diverse protoliths, including MOR and primitive IA basalt. High initial 143Nd/144Nd (eNd=+8.8) and low 87Sr/86Sr (0.70379) of clinopyroxene suggests a depleted source, as expected from MORB. Preliminary Sm-Nd geochronology indicates that the lawsonite eclogites formed at 161 +/- 20 Ma (2s). Ar-Ar geochronology on phengite indicates cooling of eclogite and jadeitite through ~350 °C at 113-125 Ma.

Jadeitite veins from the same serpentinite slices contain unusual assemblages, which include lawsonite, pumpellyite, quartz, and rutile; these are estimated to have formed at T=~100-400 °C and P=5 to 20 kb. Occurrence of these coexisting rock types points to a very high pressure and cold origin for the terrain, especially considering the abundance of lawsonite and pumpellyite. This terrain is an excellent demonstration of lawsonite carrying water into the mantle, as has been predicted by experiments and thermal models. These data indicate a small-plate to continent collision (Chortís on Mexico) can yield near UHP conditions, probably via a precursor, oblique, long-lived subduction zone.