LAWSONITE ECLOGITE AND OTHER HIGH-PRESSURE ASSEMBLAGES IN THE SOUTHERN MOTAGUA FAULT ZONE, GUATEMALA: IMPLICATIONS FOR CHORTÍS COLLISION AND SUBDUCTION ZONES
Variable major element, trace element and REE geochemistry indicates the metabasites encompass diverse protoliths, including MOR and primitive IA basalt. High initial 143Nd/144Nd (eNd=+8.8) and low 87Sr/86Sr (0.70379) of clinopyroxene suggests a depleted source, as expected from MORB. Preliminary Sm-Nd geochronology indicates that the lawsonite eclogites formed at 161 +/- 20 Ma (2s). Ar-Ar geochronology on phengite indicates cooling of eclogite and jadeitite through ~350 °C at 113-125 Ma.
Jadeitite veins from the same serpentinite slices contain unusual assemblages, which include lawsonite, pumpellyite, quartz, and rutile; these are estimated to have formed at T=~100-400 °C and P=5 to 20 kb. Occurrence of these coexisting rock types points to a very high pressure and cold origin for the terrain, especially considering the abundance of lawsonite and pumpellyite. This terrain is an excellent demonstration of lawsonite carrying water into the mantle, as has been predicted by experiments and thermal models. These data indicate a small-plate to continent collision (Chortís on Mexico) can yield near UHP conditions, probably via a precursor, oblique, long-lived subduction zone.