LITHOLOGIC AND FAUNAL PATTERNS RELATED TO SHORELINE POSITION IN THE AMES MEMBER OF THE GLENSHAW FORMATION (VIRGILIAN, UPPER PENNSYLVANIAN)
Previous research has shown that syndepositional tectonics affected the thickness of the Ames Member in the southern portion of the Appalachian Basin. The variations listed above within the Ames Member in the Appalachian Basin is also thought to be controlled by processes related to syndepositional tectonics. Increased subsidence and/or sedimentation rates have been related to the proximity of the eastern margin of the Appalachian Basin to the recently uplifted Appalachian highlands during Late Pennsylvanian times. Differential subsidence would have depressed the eastern part of the basin and the Ames seafloor would have the asymmetric profile similar to a foreland basin. Increased subsidence and sedimentation rates in the southeastern Appalachian Basin would have (1) promoted greater outcrop thickness; (2) inhibited carbonate production; and (3) increased variation in depth-related benthic faunal assemblages. Decreased subsidence and/or sedimentation rates in the northwestern Appalachian Basin would have (1) limited outcrop thickness; (2) promoted carbonate production; and (3) reduced variation in depth related benthic faunal assemblages.