Paper No. 14
Presentation Time: 1:30 PM-5:30 PM
USING THE AUTOCORRELATION FUNCTION IN NIH-IMAGE TO DETERMINE SHAPE-PREFERRED ORIENTATIONS
The autocorrelation function (ACF) is a powerful, and easy to use tool that allows the user to quantify shape-preferred orientations at various scales in an image (Panozzo Heilbronner, 1992). The activity described in this poster was developed for an undergraduate level structural geology course, but can also be used as a tutorial for anyone interested in how to use the ACF to quantify shape preferred orientations. The first part of the activity focuses on exploration and discovery of how ACF images correspond to real images. The students are given six synthetic images with particles of known aspect ratio and shape preferred orientation. They follow a detailed recipe for generating ACFs, construct a figure comparing images and ACFs, and are asked to write a short narrative describing the qualitative relationship between an image and ACF shape. The students then learn how to measure the ellipticity of ACF contours and plot these data to discover the relationship between shape preferred orientation and ACF ellipticity. After completing the discovery part of the activity, the students apply this knowledge to images of thin sections from the Quottoon pluton near Prince Rupert, British Columbia. In addition, they learn how to measure ACF grain size and plot these data and ACF ellipticity as a function of distance from the Coast shear zone, a major oblique-slip shear zone that defines the western border of the Quottoon pluton. Finally, the students are asked to discuss the relationship between shape preferred orientation, ACF grain size, and the Coast shear zone.
Some of the higher-order skills this activity attempts to address include collecting and manipulating data and making decisions on what those data might mean. The activity also helps develop a students ability to make figures, write figure captions, and present data and interpretations in narrative form.
Reference: Panozzo Heilbronner, R., 1992, The auto correlation function: an image processing tool for fabric analysis: Tectonophyscis, v. 212, p. 351-370.