ATTRACTING FRESHMEN WITH FIELD PROGRAMS: LONG VALLEY, BERMUDA, YELLOWSTONE
The course title "Active Geological Processes" is a natural outcome of a trip to this area. Volcanism, earthquakes, faulting, glaciation, landsliding, and rapid geomorphic evolution are evident to the beginner. Salient aspects of the pedagogy are: (1) "knock their socks off" exposure to this area; (2) each day's effort is localized around one site; (3) students keep a field notebook, with observations, discussions, and field sketching combined. The textbook serves as a resource. A great deal of catch-up learning occurs on the outcrop with the active coaching of the instructors. For 20 students, we need 4-5 instructors to keep the student-teacher interactions alive.
The main purpose is to offer a course which embodies a pedagogically powerful means of introducing students to the earth sciences... one which is often described as "my best experience at Princeton"... and which can communicate to the University community as a whole the nature of our subject. It is clearly oriented as a recruiting tool, but only as a natural consequence of the course experience.
From a 14-year experience with the Long Valley trip, we have been able to elicit University funding for an Oceanography trip to Bermuda  and a new trip to Yellowstone with a focus on geologically extreme life environments.
Conclusions:  We strongly recommend an intensive field experience as the introductory stage in geological education, when other constraints permit;  Approximately 2-4 of each cadre of 20 go on to become departmental majors;  These programs have had an important role in increasing the visibility and positive "buzz" of the department with both students and faculty in the University as a whole.