2004 Denver Annual Meeting (November 7–10, 2004)

Paper No. 2
Presentation Time: 8:00 AM-12:00 PM


HOWER, James C.1, MASTALERZ, Maria2, DROBNIAK, A.2, ZIMMERER, Matthew J.3 and EBLE, Cortland F.4, (1)Univ Kentucky, 2540 Research Park Dr, Lexington, KY 40511-8479, (2)Indiana Geol Survey, 611 North Walnut Grove, Bloomington, IN 47405, (3)Department of Geological Sciences, Univ of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, (4)Kentucky Geological Survey, Univ of Kentucky, 228 Mining and Mineral Resources Bldg, Lexington, KY 40506-0107, hower@caer.uky.edu

Distribution of trace elements in coal beds influences both the properties of coal combustion products and the level of pollutants to the atmosphere. Because of the planned regulations of emissions from coal-burning power plants, the determination and prediction of HAPS (Hazardous Air Pollutants; Title III of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 ) emissions has becomes a very important issue in the United States. This study examines the distribution of trace elements, with emphasis on Hg distribution, in the Pennsylvanian coal beds of Indiana and Western Kentucky. In these two states, coal is the dominant source of electricity generation (> 95 %). Special emphasis is placed on trace elements of major environmental concern such as Hg, Se, As, and Cl. The trends in their distribution have been mapped for the major coal seams in both states. Hg and As commonly show similar distribution patterns, suggesting similar controls on their concentrations, and on their association with pyrite, in particular. Trends for Se and Cl are different. Based on the trace element distribution, strategies in coal use are suggested to address forthcoming environmental regulations.