USING ANALOG AND MATHEMATICAL MODELS TO ADDRESS MULTIPLE LEARNING OBJECTIVES IN UNDERGRADUATE STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY COURSES
Models can be used to improve student learning by engaging students with the material; building students' intuition about geometry, properties or process; and addressing multiple learning styles. Models are useful for guiding students to make careful observations, in preparation for "noisier" field experiences. Models may be used to develop students' quantitative literacy, especially when analog and mathematical models are paired. Quantitative literacy may be honed as students perform data collection and analysis in a modeling exercise. Projects involving hypothesis generation and testing are readily accomplished with analog and mathematical models. Ultimately, students may learn to critically evaluate models with respect to the structural geologic process they are meant to represent. Teaching with models engages students in the practice of science, in which the development, application and evaluation of models is central.