|Northeastern Section (39th Annual) and Southeastern Section (53rd Annual) Joint Meeting (March 25–27, 2004)|
|Paper No. 41-2|
|Presentation Time: 8:00 AM-12:00 PM|
PLAYA AND PERENNIAL LAKE SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHY OF THE EAST BERLIN FORMATION (JURASSIC, HARTFORD RIFT BASIN, CONNECTICUT) – RECOGNITION OF MULTIPLE SCALES OF CLIMATIC AND ACCOMMODATION CYCLICITY
DRZEWIECKI, Peter A. and ZUIDEMA, Shantar, Environmental Earth Sciences Department, Eastern Connecticut State Univ, 83 Windham Street, Willimantic, CT 06226, email@example.com|
Lacustrine sediments of the Early Jurassic East Berlin Formation (Hartford Basin, Connecticut) were interpreted within a sequence stratigraphic framework. Two types of parasequences were identified, including playa parasequences and perennial lake parasequences. These parasequence types stack vertically into two distinct sequence types reflecting deposition under different climatic and accommodation controls.
An ideal playa parasequence consists of thin, white, cross-bedded sandstone beds with erosional bases (interpreted as sheet flood deposits) overlain by red siltstone beds containing oscillatory ripples (interpreted as playa lake deposits). These in turn are overlain by red siltstone beds containing desiccation cracks and possible paleosols (interpreted as dry playa deposits). The base of an ideal perennial lake parasequence consists of laminated black shale overlain by laminated or massive gray mudstone (both interpreted as perennial lake facies). Perennial lake parasequences are capped by red siltstones and paleosols representing dry playa environments similar to those in the playa parasequences.
Parasequences within the top 77 meters of the East Berlin Formation are vertically stacked into 5 depositional sequences. Three sequences, termed perennial lake sequences, contain both playa and perennial lake parasequences. Maximum accommodation (maximum flooding surface) occurs within a perennial lake parasequence. Two sequences, termed playa sequences, contain only playa parasequences. Beds containing oscillatory ripples (playa lake deposits) are used to identify times of maximum accommodation in playa sequences.
The high frequency cyclicity defined by parasequences is most likely related to changes in the rate of water plus sediment supply which is interpreted to be controlled by climatic variability. Lower frequency cycles recorded as the transitions between sets of perennial lake sequences and sets of playa sequences appear to be present throughout the entire East Berlin Formation (~110m) and in the basal 500m of the overlying Portland Formation. Fluctuations between these sequence sets could be attributed to lower frequency climate variability or to accommodation changes linked to tectonic movement along the Eastern Border Fault which controls subsidence of the basin.
Northeastern Section (39th Annual) and Southeastern Section (53rd Annual) Joint Meeting (March 25–27, 2004)
General Information for this Meeting
|Session No. 41|
Sedimentation and Stratigraphy II (Posters)
Hilton McLean Tysons Corner: Ballrooms A and B
8:00 AM-12:00 PM, Friday, March 26, 2004
Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 2, p. 90
© Copyright 2004 The Geological Society of America (GSA), all rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to the author(s) of this abstract to reproduce and distribute it freely, for noncommercial purposes. Permission is hereby granted to any individual scientist to download a single copy of this electronic file and reproduce up to 20 paper copies for noncommercial purposes advancing science and education, including classroom use, providing all reproductions include the complete content shown here, including the author information. All other forms of reproduction and/or transmittal are prohibited without written permission from GSA Copyright Permissions.