Northeastern Section (39th Annual) and Southeastern Section (53rd Annual) Joint Meeting (March 2527, 2004)
Paper No. 5-6
Presentation Time: 10:20 AM-10:40 AM


MARDEN, Tara, Coastal Sciences, Engineering and Planning, Woods Hole Group, Inc, 81 Technology Park Drive, East Falmouth, MA 02536,, FITZGERALD, Duncan, Department of Earth Sciences, Boston Univ, 685 Commonwealth Ave, Boston, ME 02215, BUYNEVICH, Ilya, Coastal & Marine Geology Program, U.S. Geol Survey, 384 Woods Hole Road, Woods Hole, MA 02543, JOHNSEN, Carl, Oceanographic Measurement Systems, Woods Hole Group, Inc, 81 Technology Park Drive, East Falmouth, MA 02536, and KNIERIM, Adam, Gahagan and Bryant Associates, 7127 Ogden Business Lane, Unit 113, Wilmington, NC 28409

We present a state-of-the-art photo-realistic 3-D animation to help visualize barrier evolution and the life cycle of New Inlet along Debidue Island, South Carolina. New Inlet was one of several historical inlets that existed between Murrells and North Inlets. Its location was depicted on maps dating back to the late-1700s, when it delineated the property boundary between two parcels of land, but by 1820 the channel had closed. The geomorphic expression of this former inlet has since been obliterated by barrier progradation, dune growth, and vegetation, and the location of the property boundary is now in question. Initially, historical maps, plats, and aerial photographs were used to approximate the position of the inlet. Subsequently, a detailed geophysical and sedimentological dataset was acquired, including more than 5 km of ground-penetrating radar transects, 14 vibracores, 13 pulse-auger cores, and a number of tree cores. Radiocarbon dating of ten organic samples provided a chronology for the evolution of this coastal system. The thalweg of the channel structure was identified at more than 3 m below the ground surface with a lag deposit containing moderately sorted, medium-to-coarse sands with quartz pebbles and shell hash characterizing the base of the paleo-channel. Our data indicate that during its existence, New Inlet was a small feature approximately 1 m deep and more than 50 m wide. Its dimensions are characteristic of many modern-day ephemeral inlets. The integrated historical, topographic and geological datasets formed the basis for the animation depicting various stages of coastal evolution focusing on the barrier-inlet interaction.

Northeastern Section (39th Annual) and Southeastern Section (53rd Annual) Joint Meeting (March 2527, 2004)
General Information for this Meeting
Session No. 5
Former Tidal Inlets and Breaches along Modern and Ancient Coasts: Formation, Evolution, and Geologic Record
Hilton McLean Tysons Corner: Martinique's
8:00 AM-12:00 PM, Thursday, March 25, 2004

Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 2, p. 52

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