Rocky Mountain (56th Annual) and Cordilleran (100th Annual) Joint Meeting (May 3–5, 2004)

Paper No. 2
Presentation Time: 8:00 AM-5:00 PM


TEPPER, Jeffrey H., Geology Dept, Univ of Puget Sound, 1500 N. Warner St, Tacoma, WA 98416-1048, CLARK, Kenneth, Geology, Univ of Puget Sound, Tacoma, WA, ASMEROM, Yemane, Dept. Earth and Planetary Sciences, Univ of New Mexico, Northrop Hall, Albuquerque, NM 87106 and MCINTOSH, William, Dept. of Geoscience, New Mexico Inst. of Mining and Technology, Socorro, NM 87801,

Two recently recognized adakite localities in western Washington provide new constraints on the location of the Kula-Farallon-Cascadia trench-ridge-trench triple junction during the late Eocene. The first locality is in the Bremerton Hills (BH) and consists of dacite dikes that have yielded Ar-Ar ages of 47.8±0.4 Ma and 46.6±1.4 Ma. The second locality is ~60 km farther north, near Port Townsend (PT), and consists of proximal block and ash flow deposits that contain dacite clasts. Although not yet dated, the PT deposits are constrained by stratigraphy to be older than mid-to-late Eocene. Rocks in both localities display a wide range of adakite traits (e.g., Al2O3 > 15 wt%, Sr/Y > 30, Yb < 1 ppm) and Sr and Nd isotopic compositions of BH samples are consistent with melting of an altered MORB source.

Adakite magmatism in both localities is best attributed to melting at the hot trailing edge of a slab window, and could be associated with subduction of either the Kula-Resurrection Ridge (KRR) or the Kula-Farallon Ridge (KFR). We favor the latter for two reasons: (1) BH adakites are 2-4 Ma younger than other forearc magmatic centers attributed to KRR subduction and lie >100 km west of the estimated position of the trailing edge of the Resurrection Plate at that time, and (2) In both age and location the BH adakites fall between two other rock units that are inferred to mark the KFR-North America intersection: the 51 Ma Walker Creek intrusions on southern Vancouver Island (Breitsprecher et al., 2002) and the ~44 Ma Tillamook volcanics in Oregon (Haeussler et al., 2003). The age progression of these three magmatic centers implies southward migration of the KFR relative to North America at a rate of 50-60 km/Ma, perhaps as a consequence of left-slip transform offsets in the KFR and/or a change in travel direction of North America from WSW to more directly W at about 50 Ma (Babcock et al., 1992). Subduction of the KFR may have generated a slab window beneath the present-day Cascades, which would have persisted until sometime after 42 Ma, when the KFR ceased to exist and simple subduction of the Farallon plate was initiated.