|South-Central - 38th Annual Meeting (March 15–16, 2004)|
|Paper No. 9-5|
|Presentation Time: 9:40 AM-10:00 AM|
ROLE OF SOIL PROPERTIES IN ASSESSMENT OF HUMAN HEALTH RISK FROM EXPOSURE TO ARSENIC-ENRICHED SOILS
SARKAR, Dibyendu and DATTA, Rupali, Department of Earth and Environmental Science, Univ of Texas at San Antonio, 6900 N Loop 1604 W, San Antonio, TX 78249-0663, email@example.com|
Rapid encroachment of suburban development on former agricultural lands has greatly increased the potential for human exposure to arsenic (As), a group A carcinogen used extensively as pesticides prior to the 1990s. Recent studies have focused on the health risk posed by long-term human exposure to low-level As-contaminated systems, particularly due to soil ingestion from incidental hand-to-mouth activity by children playing in the backyards. In the absence of a “soil model” on As bioavailability, many baseline risk assessments of As-enriched sites assume that all (100%) As present in the soil is bioavailable. This assumption seriously overestimates the actual risk (thereby increasing site clean-up expenses), since various geochemical forms of As are stable and/or insoluble in human gastric/intestinal juices and are not likely to be bioavailable. A laboratory incubation study was conducted to identify the relationship between geochemical speciation and “in-vitro” bioavailability of As in soils as a function of soil properties. Five different soil types were chosen based on their potential differences with respect to As reactivity: an acid sand with minimal As retention capacity, a sandy loam with relatively high concentration of Fe/Al-oxides (hence, higher As retention capacity), a clay soil, an organic (muck) soil, and a high pH calcareous soil. The soils were amended with sodium arsenite pesticide at three rates: 45 mg/kg, 225 mg/kg, and 450 mg/kg. A sequential extraction scheme was developed to identify the various geochemical forms of As in pesticide-applied soils (soluble, exchangeable, organic, Fe/Al-bound, Ca/Mg-bound, residual). Concentrations of these operationally defined soil As forms were correlated with the “in-vitro” bioavailable fractions of As to identify the As species that are most likely to be bioavailable under a variety of soil/pesticide scenarios. Data obtained from arsenic bioavailability studies at time zero (immediately after spiking the soils with pesticides) and a four-month incubation period was used to calculate the reduction in potential cancer risk using soil-specific bioavailability data as opposed to total soil-As concentrations. Results demonstrate that As speciation in soils results in significant lowering of As bioavailability, and hence, cancer risk.
South-Central - 38th Annual Meeting (March 15–16, 2004)
General Information for this Meeting
|Session No. 9|
Texas A&M University: Geology Builiding, Room 101
8:00 AM-12:00 PM, Tuesday, March 16, 2004
Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 1, p. 25
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