2005 Salt Lake City Annual Meeting (October 16–19, 2005)
Paper No. 149-3
Presentation Time: 8:35 AM-8:50 AM

CONTROLS ON STRATIGRAPHIC ARCHITECTURE OF CENOMANIAN-TURONIAN STRATA, WESTERN INTERIOR BASIN

LAURIN, Jirí, Institute of Geophysics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Bocni II/1401, Prague, 141 31, Czech Republic, MEYERS, Stephen R., Department of Geology and Geophysics, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, and SAGEMAN, Bradley B., Northwestern Univ, Locy Hall 1850 Campus Drive, Evanston, IL 60208-2150, brad@earth.northwestern.edu

Cretaceous strata of the Western Interior basin provide a unique opportunity to study controls on stratigraphic architecture in actively subsiding foreland settings, in part due to exceptional chronostratigraphy integrating biostratigraphy, lithostratigraphy, cyclostratigraphy, and radiometry. The development of this temporal framework has led to more accurate calculations of rates for various geologic processes, providing critical constraints for stratigraphic modeling studies, which are playing increasingly important roles in the hypothesis testing process. This study focuses on the detailed anatomy of a peak Late Cretaceous flooding event and sea level turnaround (Cenomanian-Turonian (C-T) Greenhorn cycle) in the Western Interior basin. A key attribute is correlation of an orbital time scale from the rhythmically bedded C-T strata of the basin center to the marginal marine section based on biostratigraphic and bentonite datums. Using this time scale, siliciclastic sediment accumulation (compacted) is estimated to have decreased from ~90 m/myr (late Cenomanian) to 50 m/myr (early Turonian). These high rates of accumulation characterize the unique accommodation and sediment supply attributes of the Sevier foredeep, which made possible the preservation of a complex but highly detailed record of relative sea level changes. This record captures three hierarchical orders of transgressive-regressive cycles defined as genetic sequences. The longest sequence is bounded by major flooding events, has a duration of ~800 kyr, and is penecontemporaneous with Oceanic Anoxic Event II. Medium-term and short-term genetic sequences are defined based on evidence of higher frequency transgressive-regressive events and they show quasi-periodicities of ~100 kyr and 20-40 kyr, respectively. Subaerial discontinuities that may represent episodes of transgressive-regressive and relative sea-level fall were identified at both medium- and short-term time scales. The timing and hierarchy of interpreted transgressive-regressive and relative sea-level changes are suggestive of Milankovitch-driven eustatic control. Using 2-D stratigraphic modeling, a preliminary test of the hypothesis of orbital control on sea level and its effect on stratigraphic architecture was performed.

2005 Salt Lake City Annual Meeting (October 16–19, 2005)
General Information for this Meeting
Session No. 149
Reading the Record of the Rocks: Resolving the Tectonic and Eustatic Signals in Stratigraphic Successions I: In Honor of Don Swift on his 70th Birthday
Salt Palace Convention Center: 151 G
8:00 AM-12:00 PM, Tuesday, 18 October 2005

Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 37, No. 7, p. 337

© Copyright 2005 The Geological Society of America (GSA), all rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to the author(s) of this abstract to reproduce and distribute it freely, for noncommercial purposes. Permission is hereby granted to any individual scientist to download a single copy of this electronic file and reproduce up to 20 paper copies for noncommercial purposes advancing science and education, including classroom use, providing all reproductions include the complete content shown here, including the author information. All other forms of reproduction and/or transmittal are prohibited without written permission from GSA Copyright Permissions.