2005 Salt Lake City Annual Meeting (October 16–19, 2005)

Paper No. 14
Presentation Time: 5:10 PM


ODUOR, Peter, Geosciences, North Dakota State University, 227 STVNS Hall, Fargo, ND 58105, Peter.Oduor@ndsu.edu

The decrease in filtrate flux of ionic azo dyes through compacted Na-montmorillonite membrane can be adequately described by (i) analytical and empirically derived transport equations, (ii) solute rejection and intrinsic retention equations and (iii) x-ray diffraction. Experiments were performed using two ionic azo dyes, orange G (7-Hydroxy-8-phenlyazo-1,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid disodium salt), a molecular biology reagent and brilliant yellow (C.I. 24890 direct yellow 4). Filtrate samples were collected using a static head (dead-end) setup consisting of a longitudinal flow acrylic cylinder cell through compacted Na-montmorillonite membrane. The results indicated that there was initial rapid flux reduction for the first 3 days due to surficial fouling owing to affinity of hydrophilic organic compounds rapidly getting attached to exchange sites at the dye-membrane interface before slowing down to a quasi-steady-state (5 to 7 days) and gradual gelation period (8 – 16 days) during steady-state. The ratio of flux reduction was approximately 3:5 for brilliant yellow to orange G. The flux values were higher than mass-transfer coefficients. Flux decline for the dyes followed an exponential decay described by J = kt^n , with n = 0.9556 for yellow dye and n = 0.8923 for orange G. X-ray diffraction indicated that both the lower molecular weight orange G (452.4 g•mol-1) and higher molecular weight brilliant yellow (624.6 g•mol-1) dyes are less preferentially retained within the basal spacing of Na-montmorillonite due to only a slight shift in the range 5.8-6° 2q region. The results offer a preliminary study in the fate, transport and recyclability of these ionic azo dyes through smectitic membranes.