2007 GSA Denver Annual Meeting (28–31 October 2007)

Paper No. 12
Presentation Time: 1:30 PM-5:30 PM


BOLYARD, Susan Elizabeth, U.S. Geological Survey, Arkansas Water Science Center, 700 W. Research Center Blvd, MS36, Fayetteville, AR 72701, BRAHANA, John Van, Department of Geosciences, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701 and HAYS, Phillip D., USGS Arkansas Water Science Center, University of Arkansas, 113 Ozark Hall, Fayetteville, AR 72701, sbolyard@usgs.gov

Parson's Landfill, located near Springdale, Arkansas, was a class I landfill in operation from 1983 until 1990 when it was closed because of contamination of neighboring springs and wells. The site encompasses approximately 40 acres and is lying on the Lower Mississippian, chert-bearing limestone of the Boone Formation, which develops a regional karst. The landfill was constructed prior to the implementation of Arkansas Subtitle ‘D' and Regulation 22 liner requirements; therefore, migration of contaminants is likely, but has not been fully characterized. Preliminary ground-water results show that the landfill is leaking and contaminating local ground water. Detailed hydrogeological and geophysical investigations and dye trace analysis are being conducted to characterize the hydrogeologic framework that controls flow characteristics, flow paths connected with landfill cells, and extent of the contamination. Field reconnaissance has identified numerous seeps and springs north of the landfill. Ground-water sampling results indicate contaminant migration along north-trending flow paths. Spatial analysis of the data suggest that localized faulting has created a large-scale hydrogeologic framework of tilted blocks, approximately one square kilometer in size, with well-developed flow conduits positioned at block margins that act as drains for the block interior where the landfill resides. Tilting of these blocks controls ground-water gradient, flow directions, and ultimately contaminant movement. Current investigations have begun to delineate fault zones, fracturing, and karst features influencing preferential flow paths of contaminated ground water in this structurally-controlled environment.