Northeastern Section - 42nd Annual Meeting (1214 March 2007)
Paper No. 18-2
Presentation Time: 1:25 PM-1:45 PM

SUGAR MAPLE DECLINE DISEASE ACROSS A GRADIENT OF GEOLOGIC SUBSTRATES

BAILEY, Scott W., Northern Research Station, US Forest Service, 234 Mirror Lake Road, Campton, NH 03223, swbailey@fs.fed.us, HORSLEY, Stephen B., Northern Research Station, US Forest Service, Irvine, PA 16329, LONG, Robert P., Northern Research Station, US Forest Service, Delaware, OH 43015, rlong@fs.fed.us, and HALLETT, Richard A., Northern Research Station, US Forest Service, Durham, NH 03824

Sugar maple decline disease, or multiple stress syndrome, has been reported sporadically across the range of the species during the 20th century, and with increasing severity and frequency over the last 25 years. We studied a particularly widespread and severe episode focused on the Allegheny Plateau of northwestern Pennsylvania during the 1980's to early 1990's. Forty three study stands were established to document health, nutritional status, and site characteristics across the range of soils where sugar maple is found. Declining stands were located on unglaciated plateau tops while stands on unglaciated side and lower slopes and all glaciated sites remained healthy. All declining stands had calcium and magnesium, as measured by foliar or soil chemistry, below a threshold level and a history of severe insect defoliation in the preceding decade. Stands with poor calcium and magnesium nutrition and little defoliation pressure, and stands with good calcium and magnesium nutrition, regardless of defoliation history, remained healthy. Seeps delivering deep weathering products to the rooting zone were responsible for better nutrition on lower slope, unglaciated sites. Glaciated sites had better nutrition due to replenishment of weatherable minerals in glacial soil parent materials. A retrospective soil sampling program found that unglaciated plateau top sites had soil calcium and magnesium above threshold levels in 1967, but below in 1997. These results suggest that the unglaciated plateau top has been particularly susceptible to base cation depletion, inferred to be the result of high levels of anthropogenic acid deposition.

Northeastern Section - 42nd Annual Meeting (1214 March 2007)
General Information for this Meeting
Session No. 18
Health and Geology in the Northeast
University of New Hampshire: Huddleston Hall, Banquet Room
1:00 PM-4:45 PM, Monday, 12 March 2007

Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 39, No. 1, p. 57

© Copyright 2007 The Geological Society of America (GSA), all rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to the author(s) of this abstract to reproduce and distribute it freely, for noncommercial purposes. Permission is hereby granted to any individual scientist to download a single copy of this electronic file and reproduce up to 20 paper copies for noncommercial purposes advancing science and education, including classroom use, providing all reproductions include the complete content shown here, including the author information. All other forms of reproduction and/or transmittal are prohibited without written permission from GSA Copyright Permissions.