2008 Joint Meeting of The Geological Society of America, Soil Science Society of America, American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies with the Gulf Coast Section of SEPM
Paper No. 164-11
Presentation Time: 4:30 PM-4:45 PM

Fresh and Warm Arctic Ocean Surface Waters during Eocene Thermal Maximum 2

SLUIJS, Appy1, SCHOUTEN, Stefan2, ROEHL, Ursula3, REICHART, Gert-Jan4, SINNINGHE DAMSTÉ, Jaap S.2, SANGIORGI, Francesca1, KRISHNAN, Srinath5, PAGANI, Mark5, and BRINKHUIS, Henk1, (1) Palaeoecology; Institute of Environmental Biology, Utrecht University, Laboratory of Palaeobotany and Palynology, Budapestlaan 4, Utrecht, 3584CD, Netherlands, A.Sluijs@uu.nl, (2) Marine Organic Biogeochemistry, NIOZ Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, P.O. Box 59, Den Burg, 1790AB, Netherlands, (3) DFG Research Center for Ocean Margins (RCOM), Bremen University, Leobener Strasse, Bremen, 28359, Germany, (4) Department of Earth Sciences, Utrecht University, Budapestlaan 4, Utrecht, 3584CD, Netherlands, (5) Department of Geology and Geophysics, Yale University, P.O. Box 208109, New Haven, CT 06520

Eocene Thermal Maximum 2, at ~53.5 Ma (also known as Elmo), was a short-lived (~50 kyr) episode of widespread deep-sea carbonate dissolution and warming. Documentation of ETM2 phase is limited, hampering evaluation of the global nature and pattern of global change. Here we present micropaleontological (dinoflagellate cyst), organic geochemical (TEX86, BIT, stable carbon isotopes of bulk organics) and inorganic geochemical (XRF) data from the ETM2 section recovered from the Lomonosov Ridge, Arctic Ocean, during IODP Expedition 302 (ACEX). The stable carbon isotope record on total organic carbon (TOC) shows a ~3.5 ‰ negative carbon isotope excursion at the onset of the Elmo, ~1 – 1.5 ‰ smaller than that usually recorded in TOC for the PETM. Dinocyst assemblages show a freshening of Arctic Ocean surface waters. TEX86-derived sea surface temperatures and MBT-derived atmospheric temperatures show a ~3 °C rise starting from already warm conditions of ~19 °C, reaching temperatures similar to those recorded for the PETM in the Arctic. Moreover, laminated sediments and the absence of organic foraminiferal linings suggest that anoxia developed at the sediment-water interface. Biomarker analyses also indicate euxinic conditions in the photic zone. All trends, including those recorded using XRF core scanning techniques, mimic those recorded from the PETM but generally exhibit a slightly smaller magnitude. Our findings, together with the scant published data, corroborate the notion that ETM2 was indeed a true global warming phase, associated with the rapid injection of light carbon.

2008 Joint Meeting of The Geological Society of America, Soil Science Society of America, American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies with the Gulf Coast Section of SEPM
General Information for this Meeting
Session No. 164
Ancient Polar Ecosystems and Environments: Proxies for Understanding Climate Change and Global Warming
George R. Brown Convention Center: 330A
1:30 PM-4:45 PM, Sunday, 5 October 2008

Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 40, No. 6, p. 194

© Copyright 2008 The Geological Society of America (GSA), all rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to the author(s) of this abstract to reproduce and distribute it freely, for noncommercial purposes. Permission is hereby granted to any individual scientist to download a single copy of this electronic file and reproduce up to 20 paper copies for noncommercial purposes advancing science and education, including classroom use, providing all reproductions include the complete content shown here, including the author information. All other forms of reproduction and/or transmittal are prohibited without written permission from GSA Copyright Permissions.