2008 Joint Meeting of The Geological Society of America, Soil Science Society of America, American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies with the Gulf Coast Section of SEPM

Paper No. 32
Presentation Time: 8:00 AM-6:00 PM

Dynamic Modeling of Organophosphate Pesticide Load in Surface Water in the Northern San Joaquin Valley Watershed of California

LUO, Yuzhou, ZHANG, Xuyang, LIU, Xingmei, FICKLIN, Darren and ZHANG, Minghua, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616, mhzhang@ucdavis.edu

The hydrology, sediment, and pesticide transport components of the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) were evaluated on the northern San Joaquin Valley watershed of California. The Nash–Sutcliffe coefficients for monthly stream flow and sediment load ranged from 0.49 to 0.99 over the watershed during the study period of 1992–2005. The calibrated SWAT model was applied to simulate fate and transport processes of two organophosphate pesticides of diazinon and chlorpyrifos at watershed scale. The model generated satisfactory predictions of dissolved pesticide loads relative to the monitoring data. The model also showed great success in capturing spatial patterns of dissolved diazinon and chlorpyrifos loads according to the soil properties and landscape morphology over the large agricultural watershed. This study indicated that the curve number was the major factor influencing surface hydrology while pesticide fate and transport were mainly affected by surface runoff and pesticide application.