2008 Joint Meeting of The Geological Society of America, Soil Science Society of America, American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies with the Gulf Coast Section of SEPM

Paper No. 11
Presentation Time: 8:00 AM-6:00 PM

Geochronologic Implications of Strontium Isotopic Signatures in the Teeth of Upper Cretaceous Sharks

BECKER, Martin A., Department of Environmental Science, William Paterson University, Wayne, NJ 07470, SEIDEMANN, David E., Geology, Brooklyn College, and Dept of Geology and Geophysics, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, CHAMBERLAIN Jr, John A., Geology, Brooklyn College, and Doctoral Program in Earth and Environmental Sciences, CUNY Graduate Center, New York, NY 10016 and BUHL, Dieter, Faculty of Geosciences - Institute for Geology, Mineralogy and Geophysic, Ruhr University Bochum, Universitaetsstrasse 150, Bochum, 44780, Germany, johnc@brooklyn.cuny.edu

The 87Sr/86Sr isotopic composition of the enameloid tips of teeth of Scapanorhynchus texanus, a common and widespread upper Cretaceous shark, differs from that found in the dentine inner portions of the same teeth. Using a marine 87Sr/86Sr isotopic evolution curve, we converted the 87Sr/86Sr isotopic composition of different sections of the teeth to numerical ages. Portions of fossil teeth dominated by enameloid (but that include some dentine) yield numerical ages (74.2 ± 0.8 Ma, 2 standard error [s.e.]) that fall within the upper Cretaceous, and are consistent with the known geologic age range of these fossils. As the proportion of dentine present in samples of the teeth increases, the 87Sr/86Sr-derived numerical ages trend from biostratigraphically reasonable upper Cretaceous ages to those that are far younger and biostratigraphically impossible (about 32 Ma, i.e., Oligocene). This deviation in isotopic composition (and numerical age) is likely to be the result of post-burial diagenetic alteration of dentine, which is generally more susceptible to such alteration than enameloid. To avoid the contaminating effects of dentine, we sampled only the enameloid portion of twelve S. texanus teeth by scratching their surfaces. The enameloid scratch samples yield numerical ages (78.8 ± 0.4 Ma, 2 s.e.) older than those obtained for any of the sectioned samples. The numerical age for the enameloid scratch samples is consistent with the known early Campanian-early Maastrichtian occurrence of S. texanus in North America and with the radiometric age of the deposit from which these samples were recovered. This suggests that sampling only the surface enameloid of shark teeth is useful in reducing spurious isotopic results arising from post-burial alteration of teeth.