2008 Joint Meeting of The Geological Society of America, Soil Science Society of America, American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies with the Gulf Coast Section of SEPM

Paper No. 3
Presentation Time: 2:00 PM

Tectonically-Induced Lowstand on An Ordovician Ramp – the Björkåsholmen Formation of Scandinavia

EGENHOFF, Sven O., Department of Geosciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1482, CASSLE, Christopher, Department of Geosciences, Colorado State University, 322 Natural Resources Building, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1482, MALETZ, Jörg, Department of Geology, SUNY Buffalo, 772 Natural Sciences Complex, Buffalo, NY 14260-3050, EBBESTAD, Jan Ove, Museum of Evolution, Uppsala University, Norbyvägen 16, Uppsala, SE 752 36, Sweden and FRISK, Åsa, Department of Earth Sciences, Palaeobiology, Uppsala University, Villavägen 16, Uppsala, SE 752 36, Sweden, sven@warnercnr.colostate.edu

The Tremadoc Björkåsholmen Formation is an approximately one meter thick unit consisting of several carbonate beds with intercalated shales and some glauconite content in its upper part. It is underlain by the Cambrian-Ordovician Alum Shale Formation throughout Scandinavia, and in Norway and westernmost Sweden overlain by the Lower- to Middle Ordovician Tøyen Formation. The Björkåsholmen Formation is remarkably widespread in Scandinavia with relatively little variation in thickness or faunal composition. Internally, the unit consists of thin beds at the base with thicker ones in the center and again thinner beds towards the top. Thin beds are generally mud-rich while thicker ones display packstones. In the Norwegian sections the grain-rich facies have been mostly diagenetically overprinted, whereas eastern Swedish localities are characterized by much better facies preservation regardless of lithology.

The overall mud-rich facies of the Björkåsholmen Formation reflects deposition on a low-inclined ramp environment. Coarse-grained sediments represent the proximal facies while increasing mud content shows deeper water middle to outer ramp deposition. Facies trends indicate that the Björkåsholmen Formation consists of at least five regressions and successive transgressions with a maximum lowstand represented by its coarse-grained central portion. As the Björkåsholmen Formation is sandwiched between two prominent outer shelf shales in the Norwegian and westernmost Swedish localities it also represents the most pronounced sea-level lowstand in the Early Ordovician of Scandinavia. This lowstand is within the upper part of the Aorograptus victoriae Biozone and the basal Kiaerograptus supremus Biozone. Deposition of the Björkås¬holmen Formation therefore likely represents a fairly short time-span. However, this remarkably strong lowstand in Scandinavia is not paralleled by base-level falls in Bolivia, China or Newfoundland. It is therefore suggested that the Björkås¬holmen Formation reflects a tectonic rather than a eustatic event which is restricted exclusively to Baltoscandia