Extreme Sr-Nd-Pb-Hf Isotopic Compositions Exhibited by the Tinaquillo Peridotite Massif, Northern Venezuela: Implications for Geodynamic Setting
Scattered zones within the Tinaquillo Peridotite were overprinted by what we interpret as channelized hydrous fluids (<~3%) derived from the eastward-dipping subduction of the Farallon Plate beneath the SAP in the Late Jurassic, leading to modification of the original Sr, Nd and Hf isotopic compositions as well as the incompatible element concentrations. The hornblendite veins have Sr, Nd, Pb and Hf isotopic compositions, falling within the range of present-day Pacific/Atlantic MORB, but trace element abundance patterns with combinations of arc- and MORB-like characteristics. These results rule out the possibility of local melting of the host peridotites to produce magmas from which the hornblendite veins formed. We attribute the origin of the hornblendite veins to mantle melting during inception of the westward-dipping subduction of the Protocaribbean Plate, immediately following polarity reversal in the Mid-Cretaceous. Infiltration of Farallon Plate subduction-derived channelized fluids into the Tinaquillo peridotites, in the Late Jurassic, is considered to be the most likely source of the arc signature that imprinted the residual protoliths.