Integrating the Affective Domain into Community Outreach for Motivating Disaster Preparedness
Like in the classroom setting, some of the best pedagogies for disaster preparedness may lie where educational messages align with audience interests and can help an individual self-organize their activities. We are testing a model of health and well-being (Antonovsky, 1987) as a mechanism to increase the intrinsic motivation for preparedness action and prevent adverse outcomes in the context of earthquake and tsunami risk in Wellington, New Zealand. Building on theories of self-determination, behavior change and health promotion, we are measuring the association between positive life orientation (sense of coherence) and positive preparedness attitudes and behaviors. This health sciences approach, which moves from situational awareness to situation-liking and focuses on strengths rather than vulnerabilities, may demonstrate new educational pathways and help build the field of trust between messengers and members of a community.
Our presentation here outlines key elements of our study design for examining the importance of attitude and taking a preventive health approach to disaster preparedness. Our goal is to contribute toward understanding what creates the volition to engage in small but potentially crucial activities that can positively influence a person's quality-of-life in the face of disaster.