|Cordilleran Section (104th Annual) and Rocky Mountain Section (60th Annual) Joint Meeting (19–21 March 2008)|
|Paper No. 31-5|
|Presentation Time: 8:00 AM-12:00 PM|
FAULT SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE AND KINEMATIC EVOLUTION IN THE FLUMENDOSA AREA OF THE VARISCAN NAPPE ZONE, SARDINIA, ITALY: INSIGHTS INTO MODES OF INTERACTION BETWEEN CONTRACTION AND EXTENSION IN THE UPPER CRUST OF A COLLISIONAL OROGEN
DACK, Ashley, Department of Geosciences, Boise State University, 1910 University Drive, Boise, ID 83725, AshleyDack@mail.boisestate.edu and NORTHRUP, C.J., Department of Geosciences, Boise State University, 11910 University Drive, Boise, ID 83725|
Many collisional mountain belts contain complex structural features that acommodated an evolving balance between contractional and extensional processes. The Variscan Nappe Zone of Sardinia, Italy, provides an example in which early contraction may have transitioned into orogen-parallel movement, expressed in at least local extension, followed by later orogen-orthogonal extension.
In the Flumendosa area of east-central Sardinia, an early (D1) top-SSE thrust placed Cambro-Ordovician sandstone on Silurian phyllite. The lower sheet contains competent meta-arkosic sandstone stratigraphically beneath less-competent phyllite. The D1 thrust, and associated penetrative foliation, is folded by the upright, E-plunging Flumendosa antiform (D2). Within part of the lower plate in the core of this antiform are N-striking high-angle faults that have consistent W side down offset. These faults are clearly expressed in the meta-arkose, but their offset was absorbed by penetrative deformation in the overlying phyllite. The N-striking faults do not continue structurally upward and cut the D1 thrust; rather, they are limited to the lower plate. Deformational features in the phyllite suggests top-E (orogen-parallel) bulk shear based on asymmetric boudinage and S-C fabric geometry.
The geometry and kinematics of the fault system within the lower sheet suggest top-E shear in the phyllite and domino-style rotation of competent blocks of arkose bounded by high-angle faults. In this scenario, the folded D1 thrust may have acted as the roof fault in an extensional duplex. Following thrust imbrication, the composite Variscan Nappe stack may have undergone orogen-parallel extension during the later stages of its evolution, perhaps as a transitional phase from early contraction and vertical thickening (D1-D2), to late, widespread orogen-orthogonal extension and subvertical attenuation (D3).
Cordilleran Section (104th Annual) and Rocky Mountain Section (60th Annual) Joint Meeting (19–21 March 2008)
General Information for this Meeting
|Session No. 31--Booth# 24|
Driving Mechanisms and Structural Styles of Synconvergent Extension (Posters)
University of Nevada-Las Vegas: Student Union Ballroom
8:00 AM-12:00 PM, Friday, 21 March 2008
Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 40, No. 1, p. 95
© Copyright 2008 The Geological Society of America (GSA), all rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to the author(s) of this abstract to reproduce and distribute it freely, for noncommercial purposes. Permission is hereby granted to any individual scientist to download a single copy of this electronic file and reproduce up to 20 paper copies for noncommercial purposes advancing science and education, including classroom use, providing all reproductions include the complete content shown here, including the author information. All other forms of reproduction and/or transmittal are prohibited without written permission from GSA Copyright Permissions.