OBSERVATIONS OF MAXIMILIAN, PRINCE OF WIED, ALONG THE OHIO & ERIE CANAL IN 1832
Maximilian made a number of observations along canals in the east and midwest, including Pennsylvania's Lehigh and New York's Erie Canals. His account of his trip along the Ohio Canal (now known as the Ohio & Erie Canal) stands out from other accounts of trips along this canal because of its very early date, its coverage of the entire length of the canal only 20 months after its opening, its observations on natural history, and its social and cultural commentary. Maximilian described many plants and animals, but also noted outcrops and the use of waterpower along the Ohio Canal for sawing stone (the Buena Vista sandstone). He gives the color (whitish-gray) of this stone, allowing it to be confidently identified, in his Tagebuch. He illustrated a tipple (loading device) at Newcastle, Ohio, noting that coal was dumped onto the bank of the canal. The Tagebuch also includes a diagram of the Cleveland harbor with measurements, indicating that Maximilian paced out the Harbor pier, and depicted the sand buildup on the leeward side of the harbor structure.
Maximilian's views were remarkably modern in many respects. He decried the destruction of Native American earthworks by the Euroamericans; he also was among the strongest critics of deforestation as practiced on the frontier.