ACCURATE ICE THICKNESS ESTIMATES FROM VOLATILE CONTENTS OF SUBGLACIAL GLASSES FROM NORTHERN BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA
Initial H2O contents by manometry and hydrogen isotopic compositions for the 2006 samples from the Tennena Cone pillow rinds range from 0.66 to 0.83 wt% and -94.5 to -127.1 per mil, respectively. H2O content ranges from 0.719 to 0.988 wt% based on Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) measurements for 2006 and 2007 samples. Wafer thickness was accurately determined in the FTIR studies using interference fringes in reflected light. CO2 concentrations of 25 ppm in the matrix glass were determined by manometry during the step heating analysis. To our knowledge, this is the first time that ice thickness estimates are based on the combination of measured FTIR H2O and manometric CO2 concentrations. Saturation pressures can be determined using the measured volatile data and a program called VolatileCalc. Assuming a basaltic composition with 49 wt% SiO2, an eruption temperature of 1000°C, and CO2 concentrations of 0 ppm, the measured H2O contents by FTIR yield eruption pressures that range from 48 to 94 bars. Assuming an ice density of 0.931 g cm-3, these pressures correspond to ice thicknesses between 540 and 1057 m. For the samples that have measured CO2 concentrations by manometry, ice thickness varies from 1336 to 1566 m.