AN INTEGRATED CARBON SEQUESTRATION DEPLOYMENT TEST AT DECATUR, ILLINOIS
The Mt. Simon at the site is around 1,650 ft thick and is overlain by about 500 ft of Eau Claire Shale, consisting of shale, siltstone, and carbonates, that will serve as the reservoir seal. Early modeling of CO2 injection has shown that even 100 years after injection of 1 million tonnes, the buoyant CO2 plume has not reached the top seal. Extensive core, sample, and log data analysis is underway to evaluate injectivity, define perforation strategies, model the CO2 plume, develop monitoring plans for a second well to be drilled about 600 ft away, and predict rock/brine interactions. Extensive environmental monitoring of groundwater, soil gas, and air has been implemented above the plume and around the site. Most importantly, the second well will be specially designed by Schlumberger Carbon Services for sampling fluid chemistry and pressure in the Mt. Simon and in the first porous zone above the Eau Claire seal as injection proceeds.
Geophysics will be used extensively to monitor the CO2 plume. A 3,500 ft well will be drilled and a permanently installed geophone string will allow repeat acquisition of vertical seismic profiles (VSPs) to monitor plume development. A full baseline 3D seismic survey will be acquired in November 2009. Repeat VSPs will define the plume margin as injection proceeds. Geophysics, combined with a possible third monitoring well, and a two-year monitoring period after injection ceases will allow unprecedented understanding of subsurface CO2 behavior and the safety and effectiveness of carbon sequestration in saline reservoirs.