North-Central Section - 43rd Annual Meeting (2-3 April 2009)
Paper No. 31-7
Presentation Time: 1:00 PM-5:00 PM

ORIGIN AND EVOLUTION OF BASALTIC MAGMA OF NW COLORADO'S DOTSERO VOLCANO

NEWBROUGH, Ashley1, ROWE, Michael C.2, and PEATE, David W.1, (1) Dept. of Geoscience, University of Iowa, 121 Trowbridge Hall, Iowa City, IA 52242, ashley-newbrough@uiowa.edu, (2) Department of Geoscience, University of Iowa, 121 Trowbridge Hall, Iowa City, IA 52242

In the most northern portion of the Rio Grande Rift, in Northwestern Colorado an eruption occurred at Dotsero Volcano, about 4200 y B.P producing alkali basalts similar to ocean island basalts. However, although Dotsero's lava is relatively primitive (7.3 wt% MgO), it is different from other alkali basalts in that it is enriched in K2O, Pb, Ba, Sr, Cs, and La. The high K2O (2.7 wt%) and Ba/Nb (59) are significantly greater than in basalts from the central and southern Rio Grande Rift. Two potential mechanisms for creating this enrichment in fluid mobile elements may exist. The enrichment may be caused by crustal contamination of the magma as it rose to the surface or it may record a modification of mantle source caused by ancient subduction zones. When a slab is subducted it dehydrates and fluid soluble elements may infiltrate and freeze in the mantle, providing an arc-like mantle source.

In this project, samples were collected from Dotsero and analyzed for major and trace elements, both whole rock analyses and olivine-hosted melt inclusions. This study focuses on melt inclusions because, as olivine grains crystallize, melt is often trapped within the crystals, protecting it from further modification. Olivine crystallizes out of the magma early, making it more likely that inclusions are trapped before compositions are significantly changed due to assimilation and crystallization. The olivine-hosted melt inclusions may provide evidence to the magma source if the olivine crystallized before there was much change in the original magma composition. Comparisons of inclusion analyses to the whole rock compositions will aid in the understanding of the magma's evolution. If the compositions of the melt inclusions are similar to that of the whole rock then the lava may be recording a mantle source signature. However, if the melt inclusions have low-K, and lack the significant fluid mobile trace element enrichment measured in the whole rock analyses, then the geochemical variations may have resulted from crustal contamination. Identifying crustal and mantle components in the Dotsero lavas allows us to evaluate the relative contributions of both the mantle and the crust to the evolution of young basaltic lavas in the Rio Grande Rift and may have implications for the evolution and growth of continental crust.

North-Central Section - 43rd Annual Meeting (2-3 April 2009)
General Information for this Meeting
Session No. 31--Booth# 7
Geophysics and Igneous Petrology (Posters)
Northern Illinois University Rockford: 215-217
1:00 PM-5:00 PM, Friday, 3 April 2009

Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 41, No. 4, p. 73

© Copyright 2009 The Geological Society of America (GSA), all rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to the author(s) of this abstract to reproduce and distribute it freely, for noncommercial purposes. Permission is hereby granted to any individual scientist to download a single copy of this electronic file and reproduce up to 20 paper copies for noncommercial purposes advancing science and education, including classroom use, providing all reproductions include the complete content shown here, including the author information. All other forms of reproduction and/or transmittal are prohibited without written permission from GSA Copyright Permissions.