Rocky Mountain Section - 61st Annual Meeting (11-13 May 2009)
Paper No. 11-28
Presentation Time: 8:00 AM-5:00 PM

MAPPING ARGILLIC AND ADVANCED ARGILLIC ALTERATION IN VOLCANIC ROCKS, QUARTZITES, AND QUARTZ ARENITES IN THE WESTERN RICHFIELD 1 X 2 QUADRANGLE, SOUTHWESTERN UTAH, USING ASTER SATELLITE DATA

ROCKWELL, Barnaby W. and HOFSTRA, Albert H., U.S. Geological Survey, MS-973, Box 25046, Denver, CO 80225, barnabyr@usgs.gov

The Richfield quadrangle in southwestern Utah is known to contain a variety of porphyry Mo, skarn, polymetallic replacement and vein, alunite, and kaolin resources associated with 27 - 32 Ma calc-alkaline or 12 - 23 Ma bimodal volcano-plutonic centers in Neoproterozoic to Mesozoic carbonate and siliciclastic rocks. Visible to shortwave-infrared ASTER data were analyzed to generate maps of exposed clay, sulfate, mica, and carbonate minerals, and ASTER thermal infrared data were analyzed to identify quartz and carbonate minerals.

Advanced argillic alteration minerals (alunite, pyrophyllite, dickite and/or kaolinite) were identified in both undocumented (U) and known (K) areas, including in the southern Paradise Mts. (U); in calc-alkaline volcanic rocks in the Wah Wah Mts. between Broken Ridge and the NG area (U/K); at Wah Wah Summit in a small zone adjacent to 33.1 Ma diorite and marble (U); in fractures cutting quartzites surrounding the 20 22 Ma Pine Grove Mo deposit (U); in volcanic rocks in the Shauntie Hills (U/K); in quartzites in the west-central San Francisco Mts. (U); in volcanic rocks in the Black Mts.; and in mainly 12 - 13 Ma rhyolitic rocks along a 20 km E-W belt which includes the Bible Spring fault zone west of Broken Ridge, with several small centers in the Escalante Desert to the south (U/K). Argillized Navajo sandstone with kaolinite and(or) dickite alunite was mapped adjacent to calc-alkaline intrusions in the Star Range (U). Intense quartz-sericite alteration with local kaolinite was identified in andesite adjacent to calc-alkaline intrusions in the Beaver Lake Mountains. Mo-bearing phyllic alteration was identified in 22.2 Ma rhyolite plugs at the center of the NG alunite area. Limestones, dolomites, and marbles were differentiated, and quartz and sericite were identified in most unaltered quartzites.

Halos of argillically-altered rock ≈12 km in diameter surround the Pine Grove deposit, the central rhyolites at NG, and the North Peaks just south of the Bible Spring fault zone. A southward shift from 22 - 23 Ma alunite at NG in the northeast to the 12 13 Ma alunite near Broken Ridge in the southwest mirrors a shift in the locus of bimodal magmatism and is similar to the southward shift of activity from the Antelope Range to Alunite Ridge (porphyry Mo potential) in the Marysvale volcanic field farther east.

Rocky Mountain Section - 61st Annual Meeting (11-13 May 2009)
General Information for this Meeting
Session No. 11--Booth# 30
General Discipline Posters
Utah Valley University: Library 4th Floor
8:00 AM-5:00 PM, Tuesday, 12 May 2009

Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 41, No. 6, p. 39

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