Rocky Mountain Section - 61st Annual Meeting (11-13 May 2009)
Paper No. 11-2
Presentation Time: 8:00 AM-5:00 PM

POTENTIAL SEISMIC DISTURBANCE OF HOLOCENE LACUSTRINE SEDIMENTS IN THE REDFISH LAKE DRAINAGE, SAWTOOTH MOUNTAINS, CENTRAL IDAHO

JOHNSON, Eric M. and SHAPLEY, Mark D., Department of Geosciences, Idaho State University, 921 S. 8th Ave. STOP 8072, Pocatello, ID 83209, joheric@isu.edu

Holocene activity along the recently located Sawtooth Fault is shown by a fault scarp cutting latest Pinedale age glacial landforms in the Sawtooth Valley. Scarp characteristics indicate that motion occurred along this fault at least twice within the last 14,000 years. Seismic activity on the fault should be recorded in sediments from lakes and marshes within the Sawtooth Valley. Holocene seismic activity may be recorded in the numerous lakes lying on or adjacent to the fault as lake bottom slump deposits, distortion and faulting of laminated sediments, and seiche deposits in peripheral marshes. Sediment cores from Redfish Lake contain spectacular evidence of sediment re-mobilization and transport in the form of a sequence comprised of 1) intraclastic soft-sediment breccia, 2) an overlying massive to near-massive ‘homogenite', and 3) a normally graded fine-grained silt cap up to 25 cm thick preserving fine lamellae in its upper 5 cm. The breccia occurs in some cores from Redfish Lake but is not present in the down-lake cores, suggesting that the deposit originated down-lake and flowed toward the center of the basin. We propose that this sequence represents a seismically generated slump deposit that is capped by an intra-lake slump-generated turbidite deposit (homogenite), which formed due to motion along the adjacent Sawtooth Fault. We interpret the graded sequence as a widespread failure-generated suspension with persistent effects on water-column sediment concentrations. Estimates of possible suspended sediment concentrations attributable to the suspended silt (102 to 103 mg/l) suggest the possibility of lake-wide effects on biota. Analyses of mineral composition, grain-size distribution, organic geochemistry, and 14C-based depositional chronology from Redfish Lake and down-drainage Little Redfish Lake are underway to evaluate the presence of more subtle disturbance sequences and the possible importance of seismic triggering to intra-lake and inter-lake redistribution of sediment.

Rocky Mountain Section - 61st Annual Meeting (11-13 May 2009)
General Information for this Meeting
Session No. 11--Booth# 2
General Discipline Posters
Utah Valley University: Library 4th Floor
8:00 AM-5:00 PM, Tuesday, 12 May 2009

Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 41, No. 6, p. 19

© Copyright 2009 The Geological Society of America (GSA), all rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to the author(s) of this abstract to reproduce and distribute it freely, for noncommercial purposes. Permission is hereby granted to any individual scientist to download a single copy of this electronic file and reproduce up to 20 paper copies for noncommercial purposes advancing science and education, including classroom use, providing all reproductions include the complete content shown here, including the author information. All other forms of reproduction and/or transmittal are prohibited without written permission from GSA Copyright Permissions.