|2010 GSA Denver Annual Meeting (31 October –3 November 2010)|
|Paper No. 138-1|
|Presentation Time: 1:30 PM-1:50 PM|
COMPILING REGIONAL-SCALE PERMEABILITY ESTIMATES FOR A GLOBAL MAP OF NEAR-SURFACE PERMEABILITY
GLEESON, Tom1, SMITH, Leslie1, JANSEN, Nils2, HARTMANN, Jens2, DÜRR, Hans3, MANNING, Andrew H.4, VAN BEEK, Rens3, and JELLINEK, Mark1, (1) Earth and Ocean Sciences, University of British Columbia, 6339 Stores Road, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada, firstname.lastname@example.org, (2) Institute for Biogeochemistry and Marine Chemistry, University of Hamburg, Bundesstraße 55, Hamburg, D-20146, Germany, (3) Faculty of Geosciences, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80115, Utrecht, 3508 TC, Netherlands, (4) U.S. Geological Survey, P.O. Box 25046, Mail Stop 973, Denver, CO 80225-0046|
Permeability is a key parameter necessary for integrating approaches to modeling geochemical, hydrological and ecological process in watersheds. Local-scale (<1 m to 1 km) permeability varies over more than 13 orders of magnitude and is often poorly defined because it is extremely heterogeneous and dependent on flow direction. The permeability of shallow soil has been mapped at continental scales. However, the regional-scale (>5 km) permeability of consolidated and unconsolidated geologic units (hydrolithologies) underlying soil is poorly understood and has not been previously mapped. Here we show that hydrolithologies have representative, regional-scale permeabilities that can be used to map the global distribution of near surface permeability. By compiling existing hydrogeological models we show that regional-scale permeability is not scale-dependent and the distribution for each hydrolithology is generally log normal with a standard deviation of 1-2 orders of magnitude. We also calculate a spatially-distributed, near-surface global mean of the logarithmic permeability of -13.2 ± 2.7 m2. Our results resolve the near-surface permeability field, at new scales and at new depths. We anticipate the permeability compilation and maps will be invaluable resources for understanding and modeling diverse earth processes.
2010 GSA Denver Annual Meeting (31 October –3 November 2010)
General Information for this Meeting
|Session No. 138|
Integrated Approaches to Modeling Geochemical, Hydrological, and Ecological Processes in Watersheds II
Colorado Convention Center: Room 207
1:30 PM-5:30 PM, Monday, 1 November 2010
Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 42, No. 5, p. 348
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