2010 GSA Denver Annual Meeting (31 October 3 November 2010)
Paper No. 5-4
Presentation Time: 8:45 AM-9:00 AM

TECTONO-STRATIGRAPHY AND SEISMIC CHARACTER OF SUBDUCTING SHIKOKU BASIN SEDIMENTS, IODP EXPEDITION 322

PICKERING, Kevin Thomas, Earth Sciences, UCL (University College London), Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom, ucfbktp@ucl.ac.uk, UNDERWOOD, Michael B., Department of Geological Science, University of Missouri, 101 Geology Building, Columbia, MO MO 65211, NARUSE, Hajime, Department of Earth Sciences, Chiba University, 1-33 Yayoicho, Inage-ku, Chiba, 263-8522, Japan, PARK, Jin-Oh, Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 1-15-1 Minamidai, Nakano-ku, Tokyo, 164-8639, Japan, MOORE, Gregory F., Dept of Geology and Geophysics, University of Hawaii, Manoa, 1680 East-West Road, Honolulu, HI 96822, KUTTEROLF, Steffen, IFM-Geomar, Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences at the University of Kiel, SFB574, Wischhofstrasse 1-3, Kiel, 24148, Germany, SLAGLE, Angela, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, 61 Route 9W, Box 1000, Palisades NY, NY 10964, YAMAMOTO, Yuzuru, Jamstec, IFREE, 3183-25, Showa-machi, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, 236-0001, Japan, KITAMURA, Yujin, IFM-Geomar, Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences at the University of Kiel, Wischhofstrasse 1-3, 24148 Kiel, Germany, and TUDGE, Joanne, Department of Geology, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, United Kingdom

IODP Expedition 322 drilled Sites C0011 and C0012 near Kashinosaki Knoll as a seaward extension of the Kumano transect, SW Japan, to document the incoming sedimentary strata and igneous basement prior to arrival at the subduction front. These sediments accumulated in the Shikoku Basin, formed by early to middle Miocene seafloor spreading along the backarc of the Izu-Bonin island arc. Combining both drill sites, 6 lithologic units were identified. Starting at the top, the upper Shikoku Basin deposits (Unit I) are Holocene to late Miocene, and consist of hemipelagic mud with thin interbeds of volcanic ash. The middle Shikoku Basin deposits (Unit II) are a previously unrecognized late Miocene unit of hemipelagic silty claystone with interbeds of volcaniclastic turbidites and minor mudstone turbidites. These deposits were likely supplied from the Izu-Bonin arc 8 Ma. Seismic Line 95 from the IFREE mini-3D seismic survey is interpreted to show channelized submarine fans, particularly in Unit II, that appear to preferentially display lateral offset-stacking away from the crest of Kashinosaki Knoll. Core and logging-while-drilling data support the interpretation of channelized amalgamated sandstones with fining-upward trends. The lower Shikoku Basin hemipelagic deposits (Unit III) are middle to late Miocene in age, as mainly hemipelagic silty claystone. Biostratigraphic and paleomagnetic data suggest an abrupt change in the rate of hemipelagic sedimentation within these deposits, coincident with the cessation of anomalous forearc volcanism at ~ 11 Ma. The lower Shikoku Basin turbidite deposits (Unit IV) are middle Miocene in age, and mainly hemipelagic silty claystone with abundant interbeds of mudstone and sandstone turbidites. These older turbidites show a mixed detrital provenance and broadly correlate with quartz-rich Miocene turbidites on the western side of the Shikoku Basin. Lithologic Unit V, volcaniclastic-rich deposits, of early to middle Miocene age, is mainly hemipelagic silty claystone alternating with tuff beds and volcaniclastic turbidites. Unit VI comprises a thin interval of mainly red pelagic claystone in contact with pillow basalt and yields a minimum age of 18.9 Ma. Petrography and geochemistry suggest that the igneous basement is typical Shikoku Basin highly altered basalt.

2010 GSA Denver Annual Meeting (31 October 3 November 2010)
General Information for this Meeting
Session No. 5
Recent Advances in Structural Geology
Colorado Convention Center: Room 503
8:00 AM-12:00 PM, Sunday, 31 October 2010

Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 42, No. 5, p. 34

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