2010 GSA Denver Annual Meeting (31 October 3 November 2010)
Paper No. 34-11
Presentation Time: 8:00 AM-6:00 PM

PAST THREE KANTO EARTHQUAKES INFERRED FROM THE TSUNAMI DEPOSITS SURVEY IN THE SOUTHERN MIURA PENINSULA, CENTRAL JAPAN

KIM, Haeng Yoong1, SHIMAZAKI, Kunihiko1, CHIBA, Takashi2, ISHIBE, Takeo1, OKAMURA, Makoto3, MATSUOKA, Hiromi3, TSUJI, Yoshinobu1, and SATAKE, Kenji1, (1) Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Yayoi 1-1-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-0032, Japan, kimu@eri.u-tokyo.ac.jp, (2) Frontier Sciences, University of Tokyo, Kashiwanoha 5-1-5, Kashiwashi, Chiba, 227-8563, Japan, (3) Natural Sciences, Kochi University, Akebonocho2-5-1, Kochi, 780-8520, Japan

The Kanto earthquake is a great interplate earthquake caused by subduction of the Philippine Sea Plate beneath the Japan Island along the Sagami Trough. The 1923 Kanto earthquake (M=7.9) and the 1703 Kanto earthquake (M~8.0) are two of the most devastating earthquake those struck Tokyo Metropolitan area, respectively. These earthquakes brought large (~5 m) tsunami to the coast area and uplifted the Miura peninsula by ~1.4 m. The tide gauge station, moreover, records the subsidence during the interseismic period before and after the 1923 earthquake. Present study clarifies the past Kanto earthquake prior to the 1703 earthquake based on the sedimentary analysis in the Koajiro bay of the southern Miura Peninsula.

The continuous samples of inner bay fine sediments were taken by the boring survey using 3-m-long geoslicer. Three layers of coarse sediments, T1, T2, and T3 units from top toward bottom, are observed in the bay sediments at almost all the sites. These units are composed of mixture of materials such as shell fragments, rock clasts and gravel, and some of units have eroded the lower fine sediments, indicating the event deposits by the strong traction flow.

The grain sizes of the bay sediments are grading upward and abruptly become larger after the deposition of the T1, T2 and T3 units. Very little diatom is observed in these units, but the total number of diatoms increase in the bay sediments. The ratio of the marine planktonic species against the benthic species gradually rises from the lower part to the upper part in the bay sediment. In the tidal flat sediment, the freshwater planktonic species appear in place of the marine planktonic diatom. The changes of grain size and diatom species make a presumption that the sea depth suddenly becomes shallow by the event and deeper during the interseismic period. The T1, T2 and T3 units, thus, are correlated with the tsunami deposits conveyed by the Kanto earthquake.

The T1 and T2 units are inferred to be the tsunami deposit of the 1923, and 1703 earthquakes, respectively, from Pb-210, Cs-137, and C-14 dating. The C-14 age of 1058-1262 AD (2 sigma) is taken from the bay sediments immediately below the T3 unit. Above the T3 unit, the ages such as 1300-1430 AD and 1460-1650 AD are obtained. The T3 unit is most likely to be the tsunami deposit of the 1293 earthquake candidate from historical documents.

2010 GSA Denver Annual Meeting (31 October 3 November 2010)
General Information for this Meeting
Session No. 34--Booth# 154
Quaternary Geology (Posters)
Colorado Convention Center: Hall D
8:00 AM-6:00 PM, Sunday, 31 October 2010

Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 42, No. 5, p. 106

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