|2010 GSA Denver Annual Meeting (31 October –3 November 2010)|
|Paper No. 238-8|
|Presentation Time: 10:10 AM-10:25 AM|
THE IREVIKEN EVENT: A SILURIAN OAE
EMSBO, Poul, Denver Inclusion Analysis Laboratory, USGS, Ms-973, Box 25046, Denver, CO 80225, email@example.com, MCLAUGHLIN, Patrick, Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey, 3817 Mineral Point Rd, Madison, WI 53705-5100, MUNNECKE, Axel, GeoZentrum Nordbayern, Fachgruppe Paläoumwelt, Universität Erlangen, Loewenichstrasse 28, Erlangen, D-91054, Germany, BREIT, George N., U.S. Geological Survey, MS 964, Denver Federal Center, Denver, CO 80225, KOENIG, A.E., USGS, Box 25046, MS 973, Denver, CO 80225, JEPPSSON, Lennart, Department of Geology, GeoBiosphere Science Centre, Lund University, Sölvegatan 12, Lund, SE-223-62, and VERPLANCK, Philip L., U.S. Geological Survey, P.O. Box 25046, M.S. 973, Denver Federal Center, Denver, CO 80225-0046|
The Silurian Ireviken Event near the Llandovery/Wenlock boundary is interpreted as a time of environmental, biotic and isotopic perturbations of the paleo-ocean. Eight discreet extinction datums comprise this event. While conditions responsible for the extinctions remain poorly understood, several researchers have proposed that water-column anoxia had a significant role.
Chemical analyses of conodonts, brachiopods, and micritic carbonate from a section in Gotland, Sweden through the Ireviken Event detected systematic changes in the abundance of redox sensitive elements. Ce*, Eu*, U/Th and other element concentrations indicate conditions become increasingly reducing through the event. Short-lived, signatures of anoxia occur at datums 1-3. At datum 4 these signatures reach maxima that persist through the remainder of the event. Increased REE, Fe, and Mn contents during anoxic episodes are best explained by the transfer of elements released by dissolution of oxy-hydroxides in sediments to the water column. This interpretation is consistent with changes from red to green shale to gray-black pyritic shale through this event in eastern North America and elsewhere. The temporal correlation between indicators of anoxia with extinction datums at several locations and the global δ13C excursion are evidence that the anoxia was global in extent.
2010 GSA Denver Annual Meeting (31 October –3 November 2010)
General Information for this Meeting
|Session No. 238|
Marine Redox Evolution: Controls and Consequences I
Colorado Convention Center: Room 203
8:00 AM-12:00 PM, Wednesday, 3 November 2010
Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 42, No. 5, p. 561
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