Northeastern Section (45th Annual) and Southeastern Section (59th Annual) Joint Meeting (13-16 March 2010)
Paper No. 69-1
Presentation Time: 8:00 AM-12:05 PM

IODP EXP. 313 SEA-LEVEL RECONSTRUCTIONS FROM PALYNOLOGY (DISTANCE-TO-SHORELINE ESTIMATES) AND BENTHIC FORAMINIFERA (WATER-DEPTH ESTIMATES): INSIGHTS INTO CONTROLS ON THE ARCHITECTURE OF THE NJ MARGIN

MCCARTHY, Francine M.G.1, KOTTHOF, Ulrich2, KATZ, Miriam3, ZANATTA, Ryan1, and IODP EXP. 313 SCIENCE PARTY, .4, (1) Department of Earth Sciences, Brock University, 500 Glenridge Ave, St Catharines, ON L2S 3A1, Canada, fmccarthy@brocku.ca, (2) Geologisch -Paläontologisches, University of Hamburg, Institutu . Museum, Bundesstr . 5 5, Hamburg, 20146, Germany, (3) Earth and Environmental Sciences, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 110 8th St, Troy, NY 12180, (4) ECORD Science Operator (ESO), British Geological Survey, Murchison House, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, EH9 3LA, United Kingdom

Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) Expedition 313 is the inner continental shelf portion of a linked set of boreholes ( “New Jersey/Mid-Atlantic Transect” (NJ/MAT)) that extends from the NJ coastal plain to the continental slope, designed to unravel the complex relationships between eustatic change and margin sedimentation. Previous drilling provided dates for the major sequence boundaries on the outermost shelf and upper slope (Ocean Drilling Program [ODP] Legs 150 & 174A); the onshore coastal plain portion provided great detail of facies successions (ODP Legs 150X & 174AX). Exp. 313 boreholes fill the critical intervening gap in the NJ/MAT, and contain a strong imprint of sea-level change. Microfossils are a critical tool in deciphering the sea-level record. The ratio of terrestrially-derived palynomorphs (pollen & plant spores, “P“) vs. the cysts of marine algae (dinoflagellate cysts & acritarchs, “D“) has been used as a proxy for distance from the shoreline. The D:P, together with dinocyst assemblages and qualitative descriptions of palynofacies, allowed late Cenozoic sea level to be reconstructed at two sites on the NJ continental shelf: IODP EXP 313 Hole M0029A on the inner shelf and ODP Leg 174A Hole 1072A on the outer shelf. In general, paleobathymetric changes derived from benthic foraminifera show close agreement with the paleosea-level estimates derived from the palynomorphs. The combination of these independent micropaleontological datasets provides greater confidence in reconstructions of sea-level change, and assists in understanding the impact of sea level on the architecture of the NJ margin.

Northeastern Section (45th Annual) and Southeastern Section (59th Annual) Joint Meeting (13-16 March 2010)
General Information for this Meeting
Session No. 69
Insights from Microfossils: From Geoarchaeology and Pollution Remediation to Climate and Sea-Level Change (Posters)
Sheraton Baltimore City Center: International ABCDF
8:00 AM-12:05 PM, Tuesday, 16 March 2010

Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 42, No. 1, p. 165

© Copyright 2010 The Geological Society of America (GSA), all rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to the author(s) of this abstract to reproduce and distribute it freely, for noncommercial purposes. Permission is hereby granted to any individual scientist to download a single copy of this electronic file and reproduce up to 20 paper copies for noncommercial purposes advancing science and education, including classroom use, providing all reproductions include the complete content shown here, including the author information. All other forms of reproduction and/or transmittal are prohibited without written permission from GSA Copyright Permissions.