Northeastern Section (45th Annual) and Southeastern Section (59th Annual) Joint Meeting (13-16 March 2010)
Paper No. 44-5
Presentation Time: 2:55 PM-3:15 PM

TRANSPORT OF DISSOLVED AND PARTICULATE EXPLOSIVES COMPOUNDS IN SATURATED FLOW COLUMN EXPERIMENTS

LAVOIE, Beth1, MINKIN, Steven Jr2, MAYES, Melanie3, BIGGERSTAFF, John2, PERFECT, Edmund4, and MCKAY, Larry5, (1) Earth & Planetary Sciences, University of Tennessee, 1412 Circle Dr, Knoxville, TN 37996, blavoie@utk.edu, (2) Center for Environmental Biotechnology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, (3) Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, PO Box 2008, MS 6038, Oak Ridge, TN 37917, (4) Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, (5) Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, The University of Tennessee, UT Dept. of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 1412 Circle Drive, Knoxville, TN 37996-1410

Contamination of surface soils with explosives residues (ER) is a common phenomenon on military operational ranges. However, at some sites (e.g. Camp Edwards, MA), plumes of munitions constituents in groundwater have also been observed. The exact mechanism of ER transport through the vadose zone to underlying aquifers is poorly understood. To date, most research and modeling work was based on the assumption that ER transport occurs exclusively in the dissolved phase. The failure of such models to predict the extent and concentration of ER in groundwater suggests other forms of transport may be occurring. This study presents results from experiments designed to investigate the potential for ER particulates to be transported through the vadose zone, especially during infiltration of storm flow, and then to dissolve in underlying aquifers.

A series of column experiments were conducted in repacked soils utilizing both dissolved and particulate explosives compounds. In separate experiments, latex microspheres (0.5, 1,0 and 2.0 um) and fine grained (<250 um) 2,6- Dinitrotoluene (DNT) particles were applied to columns, both in suspension and mixed with the first centimeter (cm) of soil to mimic near-surface soil contamination. The columns were pre-scored in one cm sections for easy post-experiment segmentation enabling high resolution analyses of the spatial distribution of explosives particulates/microspheres entrained in the porous media. A novel combination of detection methods, including chemical staining, flow cytometry, and quantitative microscopic analysis, was used to analyze column effluent and soil samples. In each of the microsphere experiments, the 0.5 µm size particles accounted for the majority of particles detected in the effluent. However, in the suspended flow experiment the 1.0 µm spheres were also transported and comprised almost 30% of the spheres in effluent, compared to < 5% in the surface application experiment. Concentrations differences in filtered and unfiltered samples from both DNT experiments, indicates that particulate transport accounts for a measurable fraction of the DNT detected in the effluent. Our preliminary results suggest that mobilization of colloid-sized ER plays a significant role in the transport of explosive contaminants under steady-state flow conditions.

Northeastern Section (45th Annual) and Southeastern Section (59th Annual) Joint Meeting (13-16 March 2010)
General Information for this Meeting
Presentation Handout (.pdf format, 2937.0 kb)
Session No. 44
Groundwater Hydrogeology
Sheraton Baltimore City Center: International E
1:30 PM-5:35 PM, Monday, 15 March 2010

Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 42, No. 1, p. 124

© Copyright 2010 The Geological Society of America (GSA), all rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to the author(s) of this abstract to reproduce and distribute it freely, for noncommercial purposes. Permission is hereby granted to any individual scientist to download a single copy of this electronic file and reproduce up to 20 paper copies for noncommercial purposes advancing science and education, including classroom use, providing all reproductions include the complete content shown here, including the author information. All other forms of reproduction and/or transmittal are prohibited without written permission from GSA Copyright Permissions.