Northeastern Section (45th Annual) and Southeastern Section (59th Annual) Joint Meeting (13-16 March 2010)

Paper No. 3
Presentation Time: 1:30 PM-4:15 PM


COLONY, James, Geology, St. Lawrence University, Canton, NY 13617, SHRADY, Catherine, Department of Geology, St. Lawrence University, Brown Hall, St. Lawrence University, Canton, NY 13617 and REGAN, Sean P., Department of Geology, St. Lawrence University, Canton, NY 13617,

The Adirondack Lowlands is dissected by numerous NE/SW-trending fault zones which parallel the dominant strike of lithology. The region is bounded to the SE by the Carthage Colton Mylonite Zone (CCMZ), a major NE/SW-trending zone that displays a complex kinematic history and is considered the boundary between the Adirondack Highlands and Lowlands. To the NW, the Lowlands are bounded by the Black Lake Shear Zone, also NE/SW-trending, which has been proposed as a terrain boundary, or possibly the edge of Laurentia (Chiarenzelli, et al., in prep.)

The Beaver Creek Fault is a prominent lineament with pronounced topographic and aeromagnetic expression. Lithologies within the fault zone are predominantly marble, calc-silicates and meta-pelitic gneisses. There are also minor occurrences of the Hermon Gneiss. Throughout the length of the fault the dominant foliation, defined by transposed lithologic layering, has an attitude of approximately 230/70NW but locally displays fold interference patterns similar to interference patterns observed throughout the Lowlands. Subhorizontal mineral lineation trending subparallel to the fault was observed in the meta-pelitic gneiss unit; however mineral lineation in the marble is sub-vertical. Marbles within the fault zone display spectacular mylonitized texture in large bands (~15 m) parallel to foliation. The rocks grade from relatively characteristic white-gray marble to unusual black marble in the center of the bands. The latter appears to have undergone the greatest grain-size reduction although it contains rounded clasts up to .5 m. As seen in thin section, calcite grains have an opaque coating, likely graphite. Asymmetric porphyroclasts, S-C fabrics and steep lineations are suggestive of sinistral transpression consistent with some models of the CCMZ and recent work on other faults within the Lowlands. However, it appears likely from several different attitudes of slickenlines and lineations within the fault zone that the Beaver Creek Fault, like the CCMZ, has a complex history of reactivation.