2011 GSA Annual Meeting in Minneapolis (912 October 2011)
Paper No. 275-4
Presentation Time: 2:20 PM-2:35 PM


INNIS, Megan, Department of Geology, The College of Wooster, Wooster, OH 44691, minnis11@wooster.edu and WILSON, Mark A., Department of Geology, The College of Wooster, 944 College Mall, Wooster, OH 44691

Sclerobionts on oysters from the Late Cretaceous and Paleogene of southern Alabama and northern Mississippi show that boring clionaid sponges increased their abundance across the extinction boundary while other encrusters and borers were significantly reduced. The bioerosion pattern across the K/Pg boundary is distinctive on similar shelly substrates such as Exogyra costata and Pycnodonte convexa. Nine sclerobionts were found on these oysters: Entobia, Gastrochaenolites, Oichnus, and Talpina borings; serpulids; oysters; encrusting foraminiferans; Stomatopora and “Berenicea” bryozoans. Entobia became more common on these oyster substrates in the Danian (earliest Paleocene) than in the Maastrichtian (latest Cretaceous). Gastrochaenolites shows the opposite distribution. The encrusting serpulids are more common on the Maastrichtian oysters than on those from the Danian. No bryozoans, encrusting oysters or foraminiferans are found on Danian E. costata and P. convexa. An interpretation of these patterns is that clionaid sponges survived the extinction and flourished on the oyster shells. The other sclerobionts were greatly reduced and apparently suffered significant extinctions. This could be because the sponges were opportunistic and could survive on any available carbonate hard substrate while the others were more specialized.

2011 GSA Annual Meeting in Minneapolis (912 October 2011)
General Information for this Meeting
Session No. 275
Hard Substrate (Sclerobiont) Community Ecology and Evolution through Mass Extinctions
Minneapolis Convention Center: Room 205CD
1:30 PM-5:30 PM, Wednesday, 12 October 2011

Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 43, No. 5, p. 657

© Copyright 2011 The Geological Society of America (GSA), all rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to the author(s) of this abstract to reproduce and distribute it freely, for noncommercial purposes. Permission is hereby granted to any individual scientist to download a single copy of this electronic file and reproduce up to 20 paper copies for noncommercial purposes advancing science and education, including classroom use, providing all reproductions include the complete content shown here, including the author information. All other forms of reproduction and/or transmittal are prohibited without written permission from GSA Copyright Permissions.