2011 GSA Annual Meeting in Minneapolis (912 October 2011)
Paper No. 110-8
Presentation Time: 9:00 AM-6:00 PM

DISSOLVED ORGANIC CARBON IMPACTS ON BIOLOGICALLY MEDIATED CARBONATE MINERAL DIAGENESIS IN KARST RIVER SYSTEMS

BALL, Carolyn E.1, MARTIN, Jonathan B.2, KURZ, Marie J.3, COHEN, Matthew J.4, and FOSTER, Chad R.4, (1) Department of Geological Sciences, University of Florida, 241 Williamson Hall, Gainesville, FL 32605, carolynball89@gmail.com, (2) Department of Geological Sciences, University of Florida, 241 Williamson Hall, P.O. Box 112120, Gainesville, FL 32611-2120, (3) Geological Sciences, University of Florida, 241 Williamson Hall, Gainesville, FL 32611, (4) School of Forest Resources and Conservation, University of Florida, 328 Newins-Ziegler Hall, PO Box 110410, Gainesville, FL 32611-0410

Both gross primary production (GPP) and carbonate mineral diagenesis can be sources and sinks for dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) in streams flowing through carbonate terrains and thus may impact C cycling. In this study, the link between GPP and carbonate dissolution were assessed in the Santa Fe River (SFR) in north-central Florida. River water was sampled hourly during a 48-hr period to measure how light variations control GPP and its effects on carbonate mineral saturation states. The Santa Fe River alternates between two phases: one at high flow with elevated dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations, and thus dark water, and the other at low flow with low DOC concentrations. Initial sampling occurred at historically low flow conditions and showed strong diel cycles in dissolved oxygen, NO3-, Ca2+, and DIC concentrations, as well as pH, δ13CDIC, and calcite saturation state. These data were compared to previous results collected from the Ichetucknee River (IR; de Montety et al., 2011), a continuously clear, spring-fed river. The Santa Fe River had similar diel variations in Ca2+ (SFR: 1.70 to 1.76; IR: 1.34 to 1.40), and DIC concentrations (SFR: 3.5 to 3.7 mM; IR: 3.0 to 3.2 mM), δ13CDIC values (-11.5 to -10‰), and average GPP (8.7 g O2/m2/d) to that of the Ichetucknee River. In contrast, the Santa Fe River had smaller changes in diel variations of NO-3 concentrations (SFR: 0.057 to 0.062 mM; IR: 0.027 to 0.034 mM), pH (SFR: 7.4 to 7.7; IR: 7.5 to 8.1), and calcite saturation state (SFR: 0.2 to 0.4; IR: 0.0 to 0.4) to that of the Ichetucknee River. These data indicate the two rivers have similar GPP magnitudes of biologically mediated carbonate mineral diagenesis, at least during the clear-water phase on the Santa Fe River. The differences in absolute Ca2+ concentrations in the two rivers could result from a variety of factors including the magnitude of discharge relative to that of wetted surfaces, organic carbon coating the minerals, prior weathering of the carbonate minerals due to the low pH during high flow, or bedload material may contain less carbonate minerals than the Ichetucknee River. These hypotheses will be tested in the future through additional time-series sampling during the dark-water phase.

2011 GSA Annual Meeting in Minneapolis (912 October 2011)
General Information for this Meeting
Session No. 110--Booth# 264
Exploration of Karst Aquifer Systems Using New and Innovative Techniques and Methods (Posters)
Minneapolis Convention Center: Hall C
9:00 AM-6:00 PM, Monday, 10 October 2011

Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 43, No. 5, p. 290

© Copyright 2011 The Geological Society of America (GSA), all rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to the author(s) of this abstract to reproduce and distribute it freely, for noncommercial purposes. Permission is hereby granted to any individual scientist to download a single copy of this electronic file and reproduce up to 20 paper copies for noncommercial purposes advancing science and education, including classroom use, providing all reproductions include the complete content shown here, including the author information. All other forms of reproduction and/or transmittal are prohibited without written permission from GSA Copyright Permissions.