2011 GSA Annual Meeting in Minneapolis (912 October 2011)
Paper No. 67-6
Presentation Time: 2:50 PM-3:05 PM

THE 4th DIMENSION: TEACHING THE CONCEPT OF TIME USING GOOGLE EARTH

DOLLIVER, Holly A.S., Department of Plant and Earth Science, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, 410 S. 3rd St, River Falls, WI 54022, holly.dolliver@uwrf.edu

Understanding time is critical for geologists, yet for students this is one of the most difficult and challenging concepts to grasp. Although the emphasis is generally placed on deep time, the understanding of geologic processes occurring over shorter time scales (<103 years) is especially important in subdisciplines such as geomorphology. Understanding the rates of natural geologic processes is important for evaluating the impact of humans on Earth’s systems and critical for land-use planning and sustainable decision-making. Topographic maps are the traditional approach for teaching geomorphic processes, landforms, and dynamics. The static nature of topographic maps makes it challenging for students to understand and appreciate the dynamics and magnitude of processes that do not occur at constant rates over time. Only in rare cases does a series of topographic map editions for the same area for three or more different dates exist. Introduced in Google Earth version 5.0 (released in 2009), historical imagery allows users to access and analyze imagery dating back to the 1940s in some locations. This imagery is useful for studying geomorphic processes including fluvial dynamics and landform evolution, coastal erosion, sand dune migration, landslides, glacier retreat, and the influences of climate change. In addition Google Earth provides measurement and elevation profile tools, allowing users to make quantitative assessments and interpretations. Several examples using Google Earth to teach geomorphic change over time in coastal environments will be presented. Student performance on Google Earth (82.5%) activities was significantly higher than traditional topographic map (76.8%) activities. In a feedback survey, 100% of students reported that Google Earth enhanced their understanding of geomorphic change over time.

2011 GSA Annual Meeting in Minneapolis (912 October 2011)
General Information for this Meeting
Session No. 67
Time, Events, and Places: Understanding Temporal and Spatial Learning in Geoscience Education
Minneapolis Convention Center: Room 208CD
1:30 PM-5:30 PM, Sunday, 9 October 2011

Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 43, No. 5, p. 183

© Copyright 2011 The Geological Society of America (GSA), all rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to the author(s) of this abstract to reproduce and distribute it freely, for noncommercial purposes. Permission is hereby granted to any individual scientist to download a single copy of this electronic file and reproduce up to 20 paper copies for noncommercial purposes advancing science and education, including classroom use, providing all reproductions include the complete content shown here, including the author information. All other forms of reproduction and/or transmittal are prohibited without written permission from GSA Copyright Permissions.