2011 GSA Annual Meeting in Minneapolis (912 October 2011)
Paper No. 220-10
Presentation Time: 10:30 AM-10:45 AM


SHANKS, W.C. Pat, U.S. Geological Survey, 973 Federal Center, Denver, CO 80225, pshanks@usgs.gov, SYVERSON, Drew D., Earth Sciences, University of Minnesota, 310 Pillsbury Drive SE, Minneapolis, MN 55414, SEYFRIED, William E. Jr, Dept. of Geology and Geophysics, Univ of Minnesota, 310 Pillsbury Drive SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455-0219, ONO, Shuhei, Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139, and MCDERMOTT, Jill, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543

Non-traditional stable isotopes and multiple sulfur isotopes are increasingly being applied to understanding hydrothermal and other natural processes, but little or no experimental isotope exchange data exist for either δ33S or δ56Fe fractionation. In particular, 33S and Fe isotope studies of seafloor hydrothermal vent systems have shown significant fractionation and, for 33S, slight deviations from mass dependent fractionation have been attributed to differences in chemical or biological processes. Experimental data for 33S and Fe fractionation at hydrothermal conditions are needed to improve interpretations of processes in these complex systems.

Hydrothermal experiments have been carried out with pyrite and elemental sulfur as starting solid materials in 350°C NaCl fluid. This system was chosen because it produces acidic fluids (pH25 = 1.5-2.0) with H2S/SO4 ratios of about 2, and Fe concentration of 2-4.5 mmol/kg so that all S species, dissolved Fe, and solid phases can be isotopically characterized. Under these conditions relatively rapid sulfur isotope exchange is expected over 6-14 day duration of the experiments. Fe isotope fractionation data will be reported separately.

Sulfur isotopic systematics (δ33S and δ34S) of pyrite, S, SO4, and H2S have been determined by isotope ratio mass spectrometry of SF6 in the stable isotope laboratory at MIT. Results at 350°C indicate that isotopic equilibrium was attained between aqueous sulfate and sulfide after 13.5 days as indicated by δ34SSO4-H2S = 17.14 permil compared to previous experimental fractionation data of 17.2 permil. Similarly, δ33S indicates equilibrium sulfate-sulfide fractionation of 8.70 permil and ln(δ33S+1)/ln(δ34S+1) of 0.514±0.01, which equals the expected mass-dependent fractionation of 0.515. In contrast, sulfur isotope compositions for bulk pyrite changed little due to exchange reactions, but a relatively coarse grain size (≤64µm) was used and we are currently investigating surficial equilibration on grain rims and the possible affects of armoring by native S.

2011 GSA Annual Meeting in Minneapolis (912 October 2011)
General Information for this Meeting
Session No. 220
Geochemistry: Recent Advances in Geochemistry
Minneapolis Convention Center: Room 102BC
8:00 AM-12:00 PM, Wednesday, 12 October 2011

Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 43, No. 5, p. 532

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