FRAGILE EARTH: Geological Processes from Global to Local Scales and Associated Hazards (4-7 September 2011)
Paper No. 20-11
Presentation Time: 14:45-15:00

STUDY OF THE IMPACT CRATERING PROCESS BY MEANS OF NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING TECHNIQUES ON A MODEL SPECIMEN

GROSSE, Christian U. and MOSER, Dorothee, Non-destructive Testing, Technische Universität München, cbm, Baumbachstr. 7, München, 81245, Germany, grosse@tum.de

There is need for a detailed investigation of the dynamic rock failure due to hypervelocity impact and for a better understanding of body-body collisions that are one of the most common physical processes of our solar system. These processes are studied in a project on a much smaller scale at dry and wet sandstone targets using a light-gas gun accelerator at the Fraunhofer-Institute for High-Speed Dynamics (Ernst-Mach-Institute, EMI) in Freiburg, Germany.

Nondestructive testing techniques are a proper tool to investigate the damage and the fracture zone beneath experimentally produced craters three-dimensionally and with high spatial resolution. Methods based on ultrasound and acoustic emission techniques are developed and applied to detect inhomogeneities and cracks to characterize a target before, during and after impact. The fracturing underneath the crater following the impact is for example observed by the recording of the aftershocks in form of acoustic emissions. The characterization of the target before and after impact is done using ultrasound tomography. Preliminary results of the measurements are given.

FRAGILE EARTH: Geological Processes from Global to Local Scales and Associated Hazards (4-7 September 2011)
General Information for this Meeting
Session No. 20
Dynamic Impact Cratering in Nature, Experiment, and Model
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München: A 015
11:00-15:45, Tuesday, 6 September 2011


© Copyright 2011 The Geological Society of America (GSA), all rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to the author(s) of this abstract to reproduce and distribute it freely, for noncommercial purposes. Permission is hereby granted to any individual scientist to download a single copy of this electronic file and reproduce up to 20 paper copies for noncommercial purposes advancing science and education, including classroom use, providing all reproductions include the complete content shown here, including the author information. All other forms of reproduction and/or transmittal are prohibited without written permission from GSA Copyright Permissions.