Northeastern (46th Annual) and North-Central (45th Annual) Joint Meeting (20–22 March 2011)

Paper No. 7
Presentation Time: 3:15 PM


JOHNSON, James F., Culpeper, VA 22701,

The Earth is a perpetual heat machine that relies, principally, on the interaction of three of the four fundamental forces of the Universe. These three forces are the gravitational force, the electro-magnetic force and the strong atomic force. The primary force is the gravitational force which compresses matter inward towards the center of the Earth. The gravitational force is resisted, at depth, by the collective strong atomic bond force of the individual atoms of iron and nickel that are thought to make up the inner and outer core of the Earth.

At the sub-atomic level, the unstable outer electrons shells are pushed inward towards the nucleus in response to the increasing load (pressure) created by the overlying mass and gravitational force at these depths. As the electron shells are compressed inward, potential energy builds up and is periodically released in the form of heat energy. This heat energy (infrared) is a manifestation of the electro-magnetic force and is a product of the electron degeneracy pressure (resistance). The expansive or rebounding nature of this heat release resists the tendency of the gravitational forces to ultimately crush the electron shells of the individual atoms into its nucleus. The expanding electron shell creates an equilibrium that preserves the individual characteristic of the element, thereby asserting the strong atomic bond force (of the Universe).

The frequency of heat pulses released from the Earth’s interior will vary according to depth, with more frequent heat releases occurring toward the center of the Earth where the load is greater. Conversely, the heat pulses decrease in frequency the further the distance is from the center of the Earth.

The pulses of heat released from the inner core may cause a differential spin between the inner and outer core. The spin differential of the inner core, in turn, generates directed electro-magnetic energy that, combined with electro-magnetic energy produced in the Earth’s convective liquid outer core, is creating and sustaining the Earth’s magnetic field and poles. This phenomenon is also a manifestation of the electro-magnetic force.

Lastly, the differential spin of the core also creates a gyroscopic balancing effect for the planet as it spins on its axis. Major heat pulse events from the Earth’s core may also account for the periodic reversals of the Earth’s magnetic field.