Paper No. 1
Presentation Time: 9:00 AM-6:00 PM


KRAUSE, Stefan1, BLUME, Theresa2, HANNAH, David M.1, ANGERMANN, Lisa2, LEWANDOWSKI, Joerg3 and CASSIDY, Nigel4, (1)Geography, Earth and Environmental Science Department, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, United Kingdom, (2)Helmholtz Centre Potsdam, GFZ – German Research Centre form Geoscience, Potsdam, 14473, Germany, (3)Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries (IGB), Department of Ecohydrology, Berlin, 12587, (4)School of Earth and the Environment, Keele University, Keele, 00000, United Kingdom,

This study presents the nested application of three heat tracing methods for identifying aquifer-river exchange fluxes at multiple scales. The investigations focus on a UK lowland river where hotspots of redox-reactivity were found at locations of increased streambed residence times underneath flow confining streambed peat and clay structures. In order to identify the spatial extend and patterns of such streambed structures, reach-scale patterns of aquifer-river exchange fluxes have been analysed by Fibre-Optic Distributed Temperature Sensing (FO-DTS) along a cable buried in the streambed of a 250 m reach in combination with 2D thermocouple arrays in a 12 m long pool-riffle-pool sequence and small-scale heat pulse injections for tracing shallow hyporheic flow paths within the uppermost 20cm streambed sediments.

FO-DTS observed streambed temperature anomalies caused by the mixing of different temperatures of GW and SW end-members were used to infer information on exchange fluxes at the aquifer-river interface. FO-DTS survey results indicated that patterns of up to 2 °C colder (Summer) and 3.5 °C warmer (Winter) temperatures in streambed sediments can be attributed to GW up-welling in highly conductive sediments. Contrasting conditions were found at locations where streambed temperatures equal SW temperatures and GW-SW exchange was inhibited by peat or clay lenses within the streambed. FO-DTS observations of regional GW up-welling patterns were complemented by heat pulse injection experiments which provided information of shallow aquifer- river exchange fluxes and confirmed increased SW infiltration and lateral flow in riffle crests and at locations with highly conductive streambed sediments above flow confining structures. The propagation of diurnal temperature oscillations from the surface to streambed depths up to 40cm was observed at thermocouple profiles along a pool-riffle-pool sequence in order to analyse the potential masking of FO-DTS observed temperature patterns by topography induced hyporheic exchange flow. The cross-correlation functions based analysis of the depth dampening and offset of diurnal temperature amplitudes revealed that streambed temperature variation due to topography induced hyporheic exchange flow was an order of magnitude lower than the FO-DTS signal strength.