Paper No. 2
Presentation Time: 8:20 AM


SUGARMAN, Peter J.1, MILLER, Kenneth G.2, BROWNING, James V.2, SHERIDAN, Robert E.1, KULHANEK, Denise3, MONTEVERDE, Donald H.1, WEHMILLER, John F.4, LOMBARDI, Christopher1 and FEIGENSON, Mark D.5, (1)Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854, (2)Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Rutgers University, 610 Taylor Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854, (3)Department of Paleontology, GNS Science, PO Box 30368, Lower Hut, 5042, (4)Department of Geological Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, (5)Dept. of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854,

We used cores and logs from IODP Expedition 313 to generate biostratigraphic, lithofacies, biofacies, and geochemical data that constrain the ages and paleoenvironments of Pleistocene sequences. We integrate sequence stratigraphy on cores with new seismic stratigraphic data to interpret the Pleistocene history of the Hudson shelf valley and the paleoenvironmental and sea-level changes on the inner to middle continental shelf. Improved age control compared to previous studies is provided by integrated calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy, Sr-isotopic stratigraphy, and amino acid racemization. We recognize 4 upper Pleistocene-Holocene sequences: sequence uP1 is correlated with Marine Isotope Chron (MIC) 7 or 5e, sequence uP2 with MIC 5c, sequence uP3 with MIC 5a, and sequence uP4 with the latest Pleistocene to Holocene (MIC 1-2). However, within our age resolution it is possible that sequences uP2 and uP3 correlate with MIC4-3c and 3a, respectively, as suggested by previous studies. Lower Pleistocene sequences lP1 and lP2 likely correlate with peak interglacials (e.g., MIC 31 and MIC 45 or 47, respectively). Thus, we suggest that preservation of sequences occurs only during peak eustatic events (e.g., MIC 45/47, MIC 31, and MIC 5) unless in eroded valleys. The architecture of the Pleistocene deposits at Sites M27 and M29 is one of thin remnants of highstand and transgressive systems tracts, with lowstand deposits only preserved in the thalwegs of incised valleys. Incised valleys at the bases of sequence uP3 (Site M27) and uP2 (Site M29) document more southerly courses of the paleo-Hudson Valleys, compared to the more southeasterly course of the MIC 1-2 paleo-Hudson Valley. The patchy distribution of Pleistocene sequences beneath the New Jersey inner-middle continental shelf is due to low accommodation during an interval of large eustatic changes; this predicts that sequences in such settings will be discontinuous, patchy, and difficult to correlate, consistent with previous studies in Virginia and North Carolina.