Paper No. 2
Presentation Time: 9:00 AM-6:30 PM


FRYAR, Alan E., Earth & Environmental Sciences, University of Kentucky, 101 Slone Building, Lexington, KY 40506-0053, WARD, James W., Physics and Geosciences, Angelo State University, Vincent Nursing-Physical Science Bldg., ASU Stn.# 10904, San Angelo, TX 76909, MILEWSKI, Adam, Geology, University of Georgia, Geography-Geology Building, 210 Field Street, Athens, GA 30602, ELYOMNI, Shaimaa, Geology, Zagazig University, Zagazig, 44519, Egypt, ALNAIMY, Manal, Soil Science, Zagazig University, Zagazig, 44519, Egypt, AMMAR, Mohamed, Geology, Helwan University, Cairo, 11795, Egypt, EL MOULAT, Meryem, Geology, Faculty of Sciences Ben M'Sik, Casablanca, 20000, Morocco, TIFRATINE, Salma, Faculty of Sciences Ain Chock, Casablanca, 20100, Morocco and ZAMRANE, Zineb, Laboratory GEOHYD, Faculty of Sciences Semlalia, Marrakech, 40000, Morocco,

Across much of the world, population growth and water usage have contributed to water stress through withdrawals in excess of annual renewable supplies, particularly in arid regions such as the Middle East and North Africa. Competition for water resources, especially as climate change alters the hydrologic cycle, poses the risk of conflict in various parts of the world. To address these challenges, students need to know how to acquire hydrologic data, process and interpret those data, and communicate their findings to technical and non-technical audiences.

As part of a project entitled “Building Opportunity Out of Science and Technology (BOOST): Energizing Young Middle Eastern and North African Scientists,” which is supported by the U.S. Department of State, 11 graduate students from Egypt and Morocco conducted field exercises in the Concho River watershed of west Texas for a week during June 2012. Activities included locating monitoring sites by GPS; stream gaging by wading with current meters and top-setting rods; measuring depth to water in wells; measuring hydrochemical field parameters (temperature, specific conductance, pH, dissolved oxygen, and alkalinity); double-ring infiltrometer measurements; and acquiring electrical resistivity and electromagnetic data along transects. Students calculated stream discharge and infiltration rates using spreadsheets and bicarbonate alkalinity using the U.S. Geological Survey’s alkalinity calculator ( Classroom discussions of regional geology, land use, and water resources management in the Concho basin provided context for field observations. In a post-exercise survey, students most commonly listed stream gauging as the most worthwhile activity, but hydrochemical analyses, well measurements, and infiltration measurements were also listed.