Cordilleran Section - 108th Annual Meeting (29–31 March 2012)

Paper No. 2
Presentation Time: 08:30-18:30


SORIA-CABALLERO, Diana C., PCT, UNAM, Morelia, 58000, Mexico, VELÁZQUEZ-BUCIO, M. Magdalena, Ciga, UNAM, Morelia, 58110, Mexico, MENNELLA, Luca, IIM, UMSNH, Morelia, 58000, Mexico and GARDUÑO-MONROY, Victor Hugo, Departamento de geología y Mineralogía. Instituto de Investigacioens Metalúrgicas, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolas de Hidalgo, Edif U-4. Ciudad Universitaria, Morelia, 58060, Mexico,

The Morelia-Acambay faults system (MAFS) consist in a series of normal faults of dominant direction E – W, ENE - WSW y NE – SW which is cut in center west of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt (TMVB). This fault system appeared during the early Miocene although the north-south oriented structures are older and have been related to the activity of the tectonism inherited from the “Basin and Range” system, but that were reactivated by the east- west faults. It is believed that the activity of these faults has contributed to the creation and evolution of the longed lacustrine depressions such as: Chapala, Zacapu, Cuitzeo, Maravatio y Acambay also the location of monogenetic volcanoes that conformed the Michoacan-Guanajuato volcanic field (MGVF) and tend to align in the direction of the SFMA dominant effort. In a historical time different segments of the MAFS have been the epicenter of earthquakes from moderated to strong magnitude like the events of 1858 in Patzcuaro, Acambay in 1912, 1979 in Maravatio and 2007 in Morelia, among others. Several detailed analysis and semi-detailed analysis through a GIS platform based in the vectorial archives and thematic charts 1:50 000 scaled from the data base of the INEGI which has allowed to remark the influence of the MAFS segments about the morphology of the landscape and the identification of other structures related to the movement of the existent faults like fractures, alignments, collapses and others from the zone comprehended by the northwest of Morelia in Michoacán to the East of Acambay, Estado de México. Such analysis suggests that the fault segments possess a normal displacement plus a left component component. In addition it can be associated to an alignment or different structures oblique directed to the principal fault trace which sometimes shows inverted moves suggest that the MAFS is a system with ‘’en echelon’’ geometry which respond to transtensive tectonic activity. Recent research based in cinematic indicators from some of the most important faults of the MAFS concludes with evidence of the existence of a transtensive deformation in the center section of the TMVB, which can be explained through the oblique convergence model of plates Northamerica, Rivera and Cocos added to the division of the subduction angle at the North of the Mesoamerican trench.