Northeastern Section - 47th Annual Meeting (18–20 March 2012)
Paper No. 37-4
Presentation Time: 2:30 PM-2:50 PM


OLSEN, Paul E., Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, 61 Route 9W, Palisades, NY 10964-1000,, ET-TOUHAMI, Mohammed, Département des Sciences de la Terre, Université Mohammed Premier Oujda, Oujda, 60,000, Morocco, and WHITESIDE, Jessica H., Department of Geological Sciences, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912

Cynodontipus is a Middle to Late Triassic, continental trace fossil originally described by Ellenberger in 1976 as the footprint of a hirsute cynodont synapsid. In addition to its type locality in the Middle Triassic of France, Cynodontipus has been identified from the Middle Triassic of Germany, the Middle and Late Triassic of Morocco, the Late Triassic of Nova Scotia, Canada, and the Late Triassic of Connecticut, USA. This last occurrence consists of unlabeled part and counterpart slabs discovered in the Hitchcock collection at the Beneski Museum of Natural History at Amherst College. These specimens show that Cynodontipus is a vertebrate burrow that terminates at a recalcitrant subsurface bedding interface and is not a footprint. Because the impenetrable interface was often a clay bed that was subareally exposed prior to burial by what subsequently became the burrow substrate, there are often true footprints on the same surface intersected by Cynodontipus. The simplest hypothesis of the trace maker of Cynodontipus is that it was a produced by burrowing procolophonids, which are know from the same deposits, are the right size, and are known to have burrowed.

Northeastern Section - 47th Annual Meeting (18–20 March 2012)
General Information for this Meeting
Session No. 37
Where It All Began: Trace Fossil Research in Northeastern North America
Hartford Marriott Downtown: Ballroom B
1:30 PM-5:30 PM, Monday, 19 March 2012

Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 44, No. 2, p. 92

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